Difference between revisions of "NanoPC-T2"

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(updated by API)
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* For more details about EEPROM address issues refer to http://www.onsemi.com/pub_link/Collateral/CAT24C01-D.PDF
 
* For more details about EEPROM address issues refer to http://www.onsemi.com/pub_link/Collateral/CAT24C01-D.PDF
  
{{S5P4418Software}}
+
==Get Started==
 +
===Essentials You Need===
 +
Before starting to use your NanoPC-T2 get the following items ready
 +
* NanoPC-T2
 +
* SD Card: Class 10 or Above, minimum 8GB SDHC
 +
* A DC 5V/2A power is a must
 +
* HDMI monitor or LCD
 +
* USB keyboard, mouse and possible a USB hub(or a TTL to serial board)
 +
* A host computer running Ubuntu 16.04 64 bit system
 +
{{S5P4418BootFromSDCard|NanoPi-T2}}
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{{BurnOSToEMMC|NanoPC-T2|s5p4418-eflasher}}
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{{S5PXX18MakeSDCardViaSDFusing|NanoPC-T2|sd-fuse_nanopi2}}
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{{ResizeTFCardFS|NanoPC-T2}}
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{{S5Pxx18HDMI|NanoPC-T2|arch/arm/plat-s5p4418/nanopi2/lcds.c}}
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{{S5Pxx18MofidyKernelCommandLineOnHostPC|NanoPC-T2|sd-fuse_nanopi2}}
 +
{{S5P4418Software|NanoPi-T2}}
 
{{S5P4418ChangeLog}}
 
{{S5P4418ChangeLog}}

Revision as of 10:48, 19 December 2017

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1 Introduction

Overview
Front
Back
  • The NanoPC-T2 quad core Cortex A9 single board computer is designed and developed by FriendlyARM for professional and enterprise users. It uses the Samsung Quad Core Cortex-A9 S5P4418 SoC with dynamic frequency scaling up to 1.4GHz. Compared to FriendlyARM's existing 4418 based boards the NanoPC-T2 has 8G eMMC onboard, audio jack and video input/output interfaces. Compared to its predecessor the NanoPC-T1 the NanoPC-T2 has built-in WiFi, Bluetooth and Gbps Ethernet port. In addition the NanoPC-T2 has power management which the NanoPC-T1 doesn't support. To avoid overheat issues the NanoPC-T2 has a heat sink with mounting posts.
  • The NanoPC-T2 combines all the ports and interfaces the existing FriendlyARM 4418 boards have. Currently it has the most interfaces and ports among all existing ARM boards of this size. Its rich video interfaces and support for HDMI 1080P enable it to work with not only popular display devices but also various FriendlyARM LCDs (both resistive touch and capacitive touch).
  • The NanoPC-T2 is FriendlyARM's most complete solution based on Samsung 4418 for both commercial and industrial applications.

2 Hardware Spec

  • SoC: Samsung S5P4418 Quad Core Cortex-A9 with dynamic frequency scaling up to 1.4G Hz
  • Power Management Unit: AXP228 PMU, it supports software power-off and wake-up.
  • System Memory: 1GB 32bit DDR3 RAM
  • eMMC: 8GB
  • Storage: 1 x SD Card Slot
  • Ethernet: Gbps Ethernet Port (RTL8211E) with unique MAC
  • WiFi: 802.11b/g/n
  • Bluetooth: 4.0 dual mode
  • Antenna: Porcelain Antenna IPX Interface
  • Video Input: DVP Camera/MIPI-CSI (two camera interfaces)
  • Video Output: HDMI Type-A / LVDS / LCD / MIPI DSI (four video output interfaces)
  • Audio: 3.5 mm audio jack / via HDMI
  • Microphone: 1 x onboard Microphone
  • USB: 4 x USB 2.0 Host, two standard type A ports and two 2.54mm pitch pin headers
  • MicroUSB: 1 x MicroUSB 2.0 Client, Type A
  • LCD Interface: 0.5mm pitch 45 pin FPC seat, full color RGB 8-8-8
  • HDMI: 1.4A Type A, 1080P
  • DVP Camera: 0.5mm pitch 24 pin FPC seat
  • GPIO: 2.54 mm pitch 30 pin header
  • Serial Debug Port: 2.54mm pitch 4pin header
  • LED: 1 x power LED , 2 x GPIO LED
  • User Key: 1 x K1 (power), 1 x Reset
  • Other Resource: 1 x onboard thermistor
  • RTC Battery: RTC Seat Pins
  • Power: DC 5V/2A
  • Heat Sink: 1 x Heat Sink with mounting holes
  • PCB: Six Layer, ENIG
  • PCB Dimension: 100 mm x 60 mm
  • Working Temperature: -40℃ to 70℃
  • OS/Software: u-boot, Android 4.4, Android5.1 and Debian8

3 Software Features

3.1 UbuntuCore

  • npi-config: system configuration utility for setting passwords, language, timezone, hostname, SSH and auto-login,and enabling/disabling i2c, spi, serial and PWM
  • networkmanager: manage network
  • system log output from serial port
  • welcome window with basic system information and status
  • auto-login with user account "pi" with access to npi-config
  • UART2 enabled
  • supports CAM500B

3.2 Debian

  • supports CAM500B

3.3 Android

  • supports setting up static IP
  • supports accessing hardware with FriendlyElec's libfriendlyarm-hardware.so
  • integrated iTest utility for testing hardware

4 Diagram, Layout and Dimension

4.1 Layout

NanoPC-T2 Layout
  • 30Pin GPIO Pin Spec
Pin# Name Pin# Name
1 SYS_3.3V 2 DGND
3 UART2_TX/GPIOD20 4 UART2_RX/GPIOD16
5 I2C0_SCL 6 I2C0_SDA
7 SPI0_MOSI/GPIOC31 8 SPI0_MISO/GPIOD0
9 SPI0_CLK/GPIOC29 10 SPI0_CS/GPIOC30
11 UART3_TX/GPIOD21 12 UART3_RX/GPIOD17
13 UART4_TX/GPIOB29 14 UART4_RX/GPIOB28
15 GPIOB31 16 GPIOB30
17 GPIOC4 18 GPIOC7
19 GPIOC8 20 GPIOC24
21 GPIOC28 22 GPIOB26
23 GPIOD1/PWM0 24 GPIOD8/PPM
25 GPIOC13/PWM1 26 AliveGPIO3
27 GPIOC14/PWM2 28 AliveGPIO5
29 VDD_5V 30 DGND
  • 20Pin LVDS Interface Pin Spec
Pin# Name Pin# Name
1 SYS_3.3V 2 SYS_3.3V
3 GPIOC16 4 GPIOB18
5 DGND 6 DGND
7 LVDS_D0- 8 LVDS_D0+
9 LVDS_D1- 10 LVDS_D1+
11 LVDS_D2- 12 LVDS_D2+
13 DGND 14 DGND
15 LVDS_CLK- 16 LVDS_CLK+
17 LVDS_D3- 18 LVDS_D3+
19 I2C2_SCL 20 I2C2_SDA
  • DVP Camera Interface Pin Spec
Pin# Name
1, 2 SYS_3.3V
7,9,13,15,24 DGND
3 I2C0_SCL
4 I2C0_SDA
5 GPIOB14
6 GPIOB16
8,10 NC
11 VSYNC
12 HREF
14 PCLK
16-23 Data bit7-0
  • RGB LCD IF Pin Spec
Pin# Name Description
1, 2 VDD_5V 5V Output, it can be used to power LCD modules
11,20,29, 37,38,39,40, 45 DGND Ground
3-10 Blue LSB to MSB RGB blue
12-19 Green LSB to MSB RGB green
21-28 Red LSB to MSB RGB red
30 GPIOB25 available for users
31 GPIOC15 occupied by FriendlyARM one wire technology to recognize LCD models and control backlight and implement resistive touch, not applicable for users
32 XnRSTOUT Form CPU low when system is reset
33 VDEN signal the external LCD that data is valid on the data bus
34 VSYNC vertical synchronization
35 HSYNC horizontal synchronization
36 LCDCLK LCD clock, Pixel frequency
41 I2C2_SCL I2C2 clock signal, for capacitive touch data transmission
42 I2C2_SDA I2C2 data signal, for capacitive touch data transmission
43 GPIOC16 interrupt pin for capacitive touch, used with I2C2
44 NC Not connected
  • MIPI-DSI Interface Pin Spec
Pin# Name
1, 2, 3 VDD_5V
4 DGND
5 I2C2_SDA
6 I2C2_SCL
7 DGND
8 GPIOC0
9 DGND
10 GPIOC1
11 DGND
12 GPIOA28
13 nRESETOUT
14, 15 DGND
16 MIPIDSI_DN3
17 MIPIDSI_DP3
18 DGND
19 MIPIDSI_DN2
20 MIPIDSI_DP2
21 DGND
22 MIPIDSI_DN1
23 MIPIDSI_DP1
24 DGND
25 MIPIDSI_DN0
26 MIPIDSI_DP0
27 DGND
28 MIPIDSI_DNCLK
29 MIPIDSI_DPCLK
30 DGND
  • MIPI-CSI Interface Pin Spec
Pin# Name
1, 2 SYS_3.3V
3 DGND
4 I2C0_SDA
5 I2C0_SCL
6 DGND
7 SPI2_MOSI/GPIOC12
8 SPI2_MISO/GPIOC11
9 SPI2_CS/GPIOC10
10 SPI2_CLK/GPIOC9
11 DGND
12 GPIOB9
13 GPIOC2
14, 15 DGND
16 MIPICSI_DN3
17 MIPICSI_DP3
18 DGND
19 MIPICSI_DN2
20 MIPICSI_DP2
21 DGND
22 MIPICSI_DN1
23 MIPICSI_DP1
24 DGND
25 MIPICSI_DN0
26 MIPICSI_DP0
27 DGND
28 MIPICSI_DNCLK
29 MIPICSI_DPCLK
30 DGND
Note:
  1. SYS_3.3V: 3.3V power output
  2. VDD_5V: 5V power output
  3. For more details refer to the document: NanoPC-T2_1601B_Schematic.pdf

4.2 Board Dimension

NanoPC-T2 Dimensions

For more details refer to the document: NanoPC-T2-Dimensions(dxf)
  • Power Jack
  • DC 4.7~5.6V IN, 4.0*1.7mm Power Jack
DC-023.png

5 Notes in Hardware Design

5.1 EEPROM

  • The board has an EEPROM(model: 24AA025E48T-I/OT) with a unique MAC. This EEPROM is connected to I2C0 and its address is 0x51 therefore some EEPROM chips cannot be connected to I2C0 which will cause conflicts of addresses.
  • In our tests these EEPROM chips cannot be connected to I2C0: 24C04, 24C08 and 24C16. There chips which we tested can be connected to I2C0: 24C01, 24C02 and 24C256
  • For more details about EEPROM address issues refer to http://www.onsemi.com/pub_link/Collateral/CAT24C01-D.PDF

6 Get Started

6.1 Essentials You Need

Before starting to use your NanoPC-T2 get the following items ready

  • NanoPC-T2
  • SD Card: Class 10 or Above, minimum 8GB SDHC
  • A DC 5V/2A power is a must
  • HDMI monitor or LCD
  • USB keyboard, mouse and possible a USB hub(or a TTL to serial board)
  • A host computer running Ubuntu 16.04 64 bit system

6.2 Boot from SD Card

Get the following files from here download link:

  • Get a 8G SDHC card and backup its data if necessary.
Image Files
s5p4418-sd-friendlycore-xenial-4.4-armhf-YYYYMMDD.img.zip FriendlyCore with Qt 5.10.0 (base on Ubuntu core) image file
s5p4418-sd-lubuntu-desktop-xenial-4.4-armhf-YYYYMMDD.img.zip LUbuntu Desktop image file with X Window
s5p4418-sd-friendlywrt-4.4-YYYYMMDD.img.zip FriendlyWrt image file (base on OpenWrt)
s5p4418-sd-android7-YYYYMMDD.img.zip Android7 image file
s5p4418-sd-android-kitkat-YYYYMMDD.img.zip Android4.4 image file with support for 4G LTE
s5p4418-sd-android-lollipop-YYYYMMDD.img.zip Android5.1 image file
s5p4418-eflasher-lubuntu-desktop-xenial-4.4-armhf-YYYYMMDD.img.zip SD card image, which is used to install a lubuntu desktop to eMMC
s5p4418-eflasher-friendlywrt-4.4-YYYYMMDD.img.zip SD card image, which is used to install a FriendlyWrt to eMMC
s5p4418-eflasher-android7-YYYYMMDD.img.zip SD card image, which is used to install a android7 to eMMC
s5p4418-eflasher-friendlycore-xenial-4.4-armhf-YYYYMMDD.img.zip SD card image, which is used to install a friendly-core to eMMC
s5p4418-eflasher-android-kitkat-YYYYMMDD.img.zip SD card image, which is used to install a android4 to eMMC
s5p4418-eflasher-android-lollipop-YYYYMMDD.img.zip SD card image, which is used to install a android5 to eMMC
Flash Utility:
win32diskimager.rar Windows utility. Under Linux users can use "dd"
  • Uncompress these files. Insert an SD card(at least 4G) into a Windows PC and run the win32diskimager utility as administrator. On the utility's main window select your SD card's drive, the wanted image file and click on "write" to start flashing the SD card.
  • Insert this card into your board's boot slot, press and hold the boot key (only applies to a board with onboard eMMC) and power on (with a 5V/2A power source). If the PWR LED is on and LED1 is blinking this indicates your board has successfully booted.

6.3 Flash image to eMMC with eflasher

  • Download eflasher image file

An image file's name is as : s5p4418-eflasher-OSNAME-YYYYMMDD.img.zip
The "OSNAME" is the name of an OS e.g. android, friendlycore and etc;
This image file is used for making an installation SD card and it contains a Ubuntu core system and a utility EFlasher;
Download s5p4418-eflasher-OSNAME-YYYYMMDD.img.zip to a host PC and get a windows utility win32diskimager.rar as well;

  • Make Installation SD Card with eflasher

Extract the package with a 7z utility and you will get a file with an extension ".img". Insert an SDHC card(minimum 8G or above) to a PC running Windows, run the Win32DiskImager utility as administrator, click on "Image File" to select your wanted file, select your SD card and click on "Write" to start flashing the Image to your SD card;
If your PC runs Linux you can command "dd" to extract the package and get an ".img" file and write it to your SD card;

  • Operate in GUI Window: Flash OS to eMMC

Insert your SD card to NanoPC-T2, connect an HDMI monitor or LCD to your board, press and hold the "boot" key beside the Ethernet port, power on the board you will see a pop-up window asking you to select an OS for installation. Select your wanted OS and start installation.

  • Operate in Commandline Utility: Flash OS to eMMC

Insert an installation SD card to NanoPC-T2, log into or SSH to your board and run the following command to start EFlasher:

sudo eflasher

6.3.1 Make Installation Card under Linux Desktop

  • 1) Insert your SD card into a host computer running Ubuntu and check your SD card's device name
dmesg | tail

Search the messages output by "dmesg" for similar words like "sdc: sdc1 sdc2". If you can find them it means your SD card has been recognized as "/dev/sdc". Or you can check that by commanding "cat /proc/partitions"

  • 2) Downlaod Linux script

git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/sd-fuse_nanopi2.git
cd sd-fuse_nanopi2

  • 3) Here is how to make a Lubuntu desktop SD card
sudo ./fusing.sh /dev/sdx lubuntu

(Note: you need to replace "/dev/sdx" with the device name in your system)
When you run the script for the first time it will prompt you to download an image you have to hit “Y” within 10 seconds otherwise you will miss the download

  • 4) Run this command to make a complete image file:
sudo ./mkimage.sh lubuntu

More content please refre: Assembling the SD card image yourself

6.4 Extend SD Card Section

  • When Debian/Ubuntu is loaded the SD card's section will be automatically extended.
  • When Android is loaded you need to run the following commands on your host PC to extend your SD card's section:
sudo umount /dev/sdx?
sudo parted /dev/sdx unit % resizepart 4 100 resizepart 7 100 unit MB print
sudo resize2fs -f /dev/sdx7

(Note: you need to replace "/dev/sdx" with the device name in your system)

6.5 LCD/HDMI Resolution

When the system boots our uboot will check whether it is connected to an LCD or to an HDMI monitor. If it recognizes an LCD it will configure its resolution. Our uboot defaults to the HDMI 720P configuration.
If you want to modify the LCD resolution you can modify file "arch/arm/plat-s5p4418/nanopi2/lcds.c" in the kernel and recompile it.
If your NanoPC-T2 is connected to an HDMI monitor and it runs Android it will automatically set the resolution to an appropriate HDMI mode by checking the "EDID". If your NanoPC-T2 is connected to an HDMI monitor and it runs Debian by default it will set the resolution to the HDMI 720P configuration. If you want to modify the HDMI resolution to 1080P modify your kernel's configuration as explained above.

6.6 Update SD Card's boot parameters From PC Host

Insert your SD card into a host PC running Linux, if you want to change your kernel command line parameters you can do it via the fw_setevn utility.
Check the current Command Line:

git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/sd-fuse_nanopi2.git
cd sd-fuse_nanopi2/tools
./fw_printenv /dev/sdx | grep bootargs

For example, to disable android SELinux, You can change it this way:

./fw_setenv /dev/sdc bootargs XXX androidboot.selinux=permissive

The "XXX" stands for the original bootargs' value.

7 Update Log

7.1 2020-10-26

  • FriendlyCore, Lubuntu:

Fix Bluetooth stability issue

7.2 2019-12-28

  • eflasher:

1) Supports flashing only some files, such as updating only the kernel and uboot in emmc
2) Added gui option to disable overlay filesystem
3) Add command line parameters to achieve one-click installation without interaction
4) Fix the issue that the same mac address will appear on different devices after backup and restore image
5) UI interface can now be configured with title, hide interface menus and buttons

7.3 2019-11-26

  • FriendlyCore:

Pre-installed OpenCV 4.1.2

7.4 2019-11-14

  • Introducing a new system FriendlyWrt:

FriendlyWrt is a customized OpenWrt system developed by FriendlyElec. It is open source and suitable for applications in IoT, NAS and smart home gateways and etc.
Please refre: http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/index.php/How_to_Build_FriendlyWrt

  • FriendlyCore, Lubuntu updated as follows:

1) Added support for new 4.3-inch screen YZ43
2) Compile bcmdhd as a module.

  • Android7 update is as follows:

1) Added support for new 4.3-inch screen YZ43
2) Optimize the touch experience when using HD900 screen under Android 7 system
3) Optimize the touch experience when using S702 screen under Android 7 system

7.5 2019-10-18

  • Android7, FriendlyCore, Lubuntu:

Fixed audio playback issue.

7.6 2019-09-30

  • Android7 updated as follows:

1)Added support for Android hardware access library (named FriendlyThing), support access to hardware resources such as GPIO, PWM, RTC, serial port and watchdog, providing open source demo
2) Added support for camera CAM500B (OV5640)
3) Added support for LCD W500 (800x480)
4) Fixed LCD-S430 compatibility issues

  • FriendlyCore, FriendlyDesktop updated as follows:

1) Kernel version updated to v4.4.172, same as Android 7
2) Added Docker support, support 32bit and 64bit file systems
3) Kernel configuration items are optimized to enable more features and device drivers

7.7 2019-07-18

  • Introducing a new system Android 7.1.2

1) Features similar to the old version of Android 5, support 4G, WiFi, Ethernet, Bluetooth, etc.
2) Kernel version: 4.4.172
3) Known issue: The camera is not working yet

  • Android/FriendlyCore/Lubuntu updated as follows:

1) Fix an issue where HD101B can't be touched in some cases
2) Fix GPIO configuration of Power key
3) Solve the problem of too small volume: the volume of the DAC is changed from -20dB to -6dB during playback.
4) Add more models of USB Wi-Fi support, built-in driver rtl8821CU.ko, rtl88XXau.ko

  • Updates for Lubuntu only:

1) Modify Lubuntu's Power key behavior to (without pop-ups) shut down directly
2) Add script xrotate.sh to simplify screen rotation settings (Note: screen rotation will lose performance)

  • The following updates are only available for NanoPC T2, Smart4418:

Support for reading Ethernet Mac addresses from the onboard EEPROM, only supports the following systems: FriendlyCore, Lubuntu, Android7

7.8 2019-06-25

Linux(Ubuntu 16.04/18.04) uses OverlayFS to enhance filesystem stability.

7.9 2019-06-03

1) Configure LED1 to be in heartbeat mode
2) Fix HDMI 1080P may have no display problem in some cases
3) Fix the issue that mysql cannot be installed under Linux
4) Fix the issue that the 1-wire touch resistance screen cannot be used under lubuntu

7.10 2019-01-24

1) Update uboot-v2014.07, uboot-v2016.01 for HD702V LCD
2) Adjust Qt5 font path

7.11 2018-12-17

  • Android5 updated as follows:

1) Add support for 4G network, support module: Quectel EC20
2) Add audio setting UI, you can set the default output to headphones or HDMI
3) Synchronously turn off the backlight of the one-line touch screen when the system Shutdown

  • FriendlyCore updated as follows:

1) Add OV5640 camera support
2) Update BL1 to improve system startup stability

  • Lubuntu updated as follows:

1) Add Chrome-browser browser, support web page 1080P hardware decoding, support WebGL
2) Set the audio output channel to HDMI by default (can be changed via /etc/asound.conf)
3) Update BL1 to improve system startup stability
4) Fixed some issues regarding the package error in the previous version
5) Adjust DPMS settings, turn off automatic sleep by default

7.12 March-04-2016

  • Released English version

7.13 March-09-2016

  • Corrected a typo

7.14 March-23-2016

  • Added section 11

7.15 March-27-2016

  • Corrected expression errors

7.16 April-08-2016

  • Added section 6.4.2 and 7.4
  • Updated section 6.5

7.17 June-30-2016

  • Added section 9 and 10

7.18 Sep-04-2016

  • Updated section 5.2.2 and 10.1.1

7.19 Sep-27-2016

  • Updated section 5.2.2, 7.5 and 8.2

7.20 Nov-2-2016

  • Updated section 6.2, 6.3, 6.4 and 12

7.21 Nov-17-2016

  • Added section 10.6

7.22 Dec-7-2016

  • Added section 6.6
  • Updated section 7.5

7.23 June-13-2016

  • Added section 7: added UbuntuCore
  • Added section 11.3: added DietPi

7.24 June-20-2016

  • Updated sections 6.2 & 6.3: Wireless connection and WiFi AP setting
  • Added section 3: software features