Matrix - Photoresistor

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1 Introduction

  • The Matrix-Photoresistor is a photoresistor module. It has a 3 pin 2.54mm spacing pin-header of which V is supply voltage, G is ground and s is output analog signal. The output signal decreases with increasing incident light intensity. Users can convert its output analog signal to a digital signal via ADC conversion.
  • Output Voltage: 0 ~ Vcc

2 Features

  • GPIO 3.3/5V
  • Small
  • 2.54mm spacing pin-header
  • PCB Dimension(mm): 8 x 24


  • Pin Description:
Pin Description
S Analog GPIO
V Supply Voltage 5V
G Ground

3 Basic Device Operation

  • The module has a photoresistor. The resistance of a photoresistor decreases with increasing incident light intensity; in other words, it exhibits photoconductivity.If incident light on a photoresistor exceeds a certain frequency, photons absorbed by the semiconductor give bound electrons enough energy to jump into the conduction band. The resulting free electrons (and their hole partners) conduct electricity, thereby lowering resistance.

4 Applications

The Matrix-Photoresistor module outputs analog signals which can be converted to digital signals through an ADC converter e.g. the Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter module.
For more details about the Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter module refer to wiki: Matrix_-_Analog_to_Digital_Converter.

4.1 Connect to NanoPi M1

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPi M1:

Connection Details:

GND NanoPi M1 Pin9
5V NanoPi M1 Pin2
S Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter A0

4.2 Connect to NanoPi 2

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPi 2:

Connection Details:

GND NanoPi 2 Pin9
5V NanoPi 2 Pin2
S Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter A0

4.3 Connect to NanoPi M2 / NanoPi 2 Fire

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPi M2/ NanoPi 2 Fire.

Connection Details:

GND NanoPi M2 Pin9
5V NanoPi M2 Pin2
S Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter A0

4.4 Connect to NanoPC-T2

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPC-T2:

Connection Details:

5V NanoPC-T2 USB Host 5V
S Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter A0

5 Compile & Run Test Program

Boot your ARM board with Debian and copy the matrix code:

$ apt-get update && apt-get install git
$ git clone

If your cloning is done successfully a "matrix" directory will be generated.

Compile and install Matrix:

$ cd matrix
$ make && make install

Run test program:

$ matrix-adc

Note: this module is not plug and play therefore before running the module please make sure it is connected to an ARM board.
Here is what you should observe:

The channel0 value is 2460


6 Code Sample

This Matrix code sample can work with all the ARM boards mentioned in this module's wiki. The name of this code sample is "matrix-3_axis_digital_compass". Here is its source code:

int main(int argc, char ** argv)
    int i = 0;
    int value = 0;
    int channel = 0;
    if (boardInit() < 0) {
        printf("Fail to init board\n");
        return -1;
    if (argc == 2)
        channel = atoi(argv[1]);
    system("modprobe "DRIVER_MODULE);
    signal(SIGINT, intHandler);
    for (i=0; i<ADC_READ_TIMES; i++) {
        if (pcf8591Read(channel, &value) != -1) {
            printf("The channel%d value is %d\n", channel, value);
        } else {
            printf("Fail to get channel%d value\n", channel);
    system("rmmod "DRIVER_MODULE);
    return 0;

For more details about this APIs called in this code sample refer to Matrix API reference manual

7 Resources

8 Update Log

8.1 June-22-2016

  • Created English wiki