Difference between revisions of "NanoPi NEO Plus2"

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* The NanoPi NEO Plus2 is another Allwinner based ARM board developed by FriendlyElec. It uses Allwinner's 64-bit quad-core A53 SoC with hexa-core Mali450 GPU and features 1GB of DDR3 RAM and 8GB eMMC.
 
* The NanoPi NEO Plus2 is another Allwinner based ARM board developed by FriendlyElec. It uses Allwinner's 64-bit quad-core A53 SoC with hexa-core Mali450 GPU and features 1GB of DDR3 RAM and 8GB eMMC.
* With a small size of only 40 x 52mm the NanoPi NEO Plus2 has rich on-board resources: AP6212A WiFi & Bluetooth module, Gbps Ethernet and two USB hosts. It supports system-boot from a MicroSD card.
+
* With a small size of only 40 x 52mm the NanoPi NEO Plus2 has rich on-board resources: AP6212 WiFi & Bluetooth module, Gbps Ethernet and two USB hosts. It supports system-boot from a MicroSD card.
 
* The NanoPi NEO Plus2 has a carefully designed power system and 6-layer PCB layout. These features enhance the board's heat dissipation.  
 
* The NanoPi NEO Plus2 has a carefully designed power system and 6-layer PCB layout. These features enhance the board's heat dissipation.  
 
* The NanoPi NEO Plus2 meets popular IOT applications requirements for small size, high-speed and large throughput data transmission and high performance computing.
 
* The NanoPi NEO Plus2 meets popular IOT applications requirements for small size, high-speed and large throughput data transmission and high performance computing.
  
 
==Hardware Spec==
 
==Hardware Spec==
* SoC: Allwinner H5,Quad-core 64-bit high-performance Cortex A53
+
* CPU: Allwinner H5,Quad-core 64-bit high-performance Cortex A53
 
* DDR3 RAM:1GB  
 
* DDR3 RAM:1GB  
 
* Storage: 8GB eMMC
 
* Storage: 8GB eMMC
Line 27: Line 27:
 
* USB Host: 2 x Independent USB Host
 
* USB Host: 2 x Independent USB Host
 
* MicroSD Slot: 1 x Slot. It supports system booting or is used to hold a storage card
 
* MicroSD Slot: 1 x Slot. It supports system booting or is used to hold a storage card
* Audio Input/Output: 5-Pin, 2.0mm pitch pin-header
+
* Audio Input/Output: 4-Pin, 2.54mm pitch pin-header
 
* MicroUSB: power input
 
* MicroUSB: power input
 
* Debug Serial: 4Pin, 2.54mm pitch pin-header
 
* Debug Serial: 4Pin, 2.54mm pitch pin-header
Line 38: Line 38:
 
==Software Features==
 
==Software Features==
 
===UbuntuCore===
 
===UbuntuCore===
* mainline kernel: Linux-4.x.y
+
* mainline kernel: Linux-4.14
 +
* UbuntuCore 16.04
 
* 64-bit OS
 
* 64-bit OS
 +
* supports FriendlyElec’s BakeBit Kit
 +
* supports FriendlyElec’s NanoHAT OLED
 +
* pre-installed FriendlyElec’s NanoHAT Motor Python Library
 +
* pre-installed WiringPi for GPIO access
 +
* pre-installed RPi.GPIO for GPIO access
 
* npi-config: system configuration utility for setting passwords, language, timezone, hostname, SSH and auto-login.
 
* npi-config: system configuration utility for setting passwords, language, timezone, hostname, SSH and auto-login.
 +
* networkmanager: a network utility to manage networking
 
* auto-login with user account "pi" with access to npi-config
 
* auto-login with user account "pi" with access to npi-config
 
* supports Gbps Ethernet
 
* supports Gbps Ethernet
Line 46: Line 53:
 
* supports FriendlyElec's FA-CAM202 USB camera
 
* supports FriendlyElec's FA-CAM202 USB camera
 
* supports audio recording and playing
 
* supports audio recording and playing
 +
 +
===Debian for NAS Dock===
 +
* supports FriendlyElec’s NAS Dock
 +
* pre-installed OpenMediaVault
  
 
==Diagram, Layout and Dimension==
 
==Diagram, Layout and Dimension==
Line 119: Line 130:
 
|Pin# || Name      ||  Description   
 
|Pin# || Name      ||  Description   
 
|-
 
|-
|1   || MICIN1P  || Microphone Positive Input
+
|1     || LINEOUTL  || LINE-OUT Left Channel Output
 
|-
 
|-
|2    || MICIN1N    || Microphone Negative Input   
+
|2    || LINEOUTR  || LINE-OUT Right Channel Output
 
|-  
 
|-  
|3    || LINEOUTR  || LINE-OUT Right Channel Output
+
|3    || MICIN1N    || Microphone Negative Input   
 
|-
 
|-
|4    || GND      || 0V
+
|4    || MICIN1P  ||  Microphone Positive Input 
|-
+
|5    || LINEOUTL || LINE-OUT Left Channel Output
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 149: Line 158:
 
::# VVDD_5V: 5V power input/output. The input range is 4.7V ~ 5.6V
 
::# VVDD_5V: 5V power input/output. The input range is 4.7V ~ 5.6V
 
::# All pins are 3.3V, output current is 5mA
 
::# All pins are 3.3V, output current is 5mA
::# For more details refer to the document: [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/images/8/86/Schematic_NanoPi_NEO_Plus2-v1.0-1704.pdf NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704-Schematic.pdf]
+
::# For more details refer to the document: [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/images/b/bf/Schematic_NanoPi_NEO_Plus2-v1.1-1805.pdf NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-v1.1-1805-Schematic.pdf]
  
 
===Dimensional Diagram===
 
===Dimensional Diagram===
 
[[File:NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704-dimensions.png|frameless|400px|]]
 
[[File:NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704-dimensions.png|frameless|400px|]]
  
::For more details refer to: [[http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/index.php/File:Dimensions_NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704.rar Dimensions_NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704]]
+
::For more details refer to: [[http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/index.php/File:Dimensions_NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-v1.1-1805.rar Dimensions_NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-v1.1-1805]]
 +
 
 +
==Software Features==
 +
{{H5SoftwareFeature-FriendlyCore|NanoPi-NEO-Plus2}}
 +
{{H5SoftwareFeature-eFlasher|NanoPi-NEO-Plus2}}
 +
 
  
 
==Get Started==
 
==Get Started==
Line 162: Line 176:
 
* microSD Card/TFCard: Class 10 or Above, minimum 8GB SDHC
 
* microSD Card/TFCard: Class 10 or Above, minimum 8GB SDHC
 
* microUSB power. A 5V/2A power is a must
 
* microUSB power. A 5V/2A power is a must
* A Host computer running Ubuntu 14.04 64 bit system
+
* A Host computer running Ubuntu 16.04 64 bit system
  
 
===TF Cards We Tested===
 
===TF Cards We Tested===
Line 173: Line 187:
 
[[File:SanDisk MicroSD-02.png|frameless|100px|chuanyu MicroSD 8G]]
 
[[File:SanDisk MicroSD-02.png|frameless|100px|chuanyu MicroSD 8G]]
  
===Make an Installation TF Card===
+
===Install OS===
 
====Get Image Files====
 
====Get Image Files====
Visit this link [https://www.mediafire.com/folder/vknb4g7udw103/NanoPi-NEO-Plus2 download link] to download image files(under the "official-ROMs" directory) and the flashing utility(under the "tools" directory):<br />
+
Visit this link [http://download.friendlyarm.com/nanopineoplus2 download link] to download image files(under the "official-ROMs" directory) and the flashing utility(under the "tools" directory):<br />
  
 
::{| class="wikitable"
 
::{| class="wikitable"
Line 181: Line 195:
 
|colspan=2|Image Files:
 
|colspan=2|Image Files:
 
|-
 
|-
|nanopi-neo-plus2_ubuntu-core-xenial_4.x.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip || Ubuntu-Core with Qt-Embedded image file, kernel:Linux-4.x                 
+
|nanopi-neo-plus2_sd_friendlycore-xenial_4.14_armhf_YYYYMMDD.img.zip || FriendlyCore (base on UbuntuCore) Image File, kernel:Linux-4.14                 
 
|-
 
|-
|nanopi-neo-plus2_debian-nas-jessie_4.x.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip  || NAS image file, kernel:Linux-4.x, for [[1-bay NAS Dock v1.2 for NanoPi NEO/NEO2|1-bay NAS Dock]]                 
+
|nanopi-neo-plus2_sd_openwrt_4.14_arm64_YYYYMMDD.img.zip  || OpenWrt, kernel:Linux-4.14
 
|-
 
|-
|nanopi-neo-plus2_ubuntu-oled_4.x.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip  || OLED image file, kernel:Linux-4.x, for [[NanoHat OLED|NanoHat OLED]]
+
|nanopi-neo-plus2_eflasher_friendlycore-xenial_4.14_arm64_YYYYMMDD.img.zip  || eflasher image, for flashing FriendlyCore(Linux-4.14) to eMMC
 
|-
 
|-
|nanopi-neo-plus2_eflasher_4.x.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip  || eflasher image file, kernel:Linux-4.x
+
|nanopi-neo-plus2_eflasher_openwrt_4.14_arm64_YYYYMMDD.img.zip  || eflasher image, for flashing OpenWrt(Linux-4.14) to eMMC
 
|-
 
|-
 
|colspan=2|Flash Utility:   
 
|colspan=2|Flash Utility:   
Line 195: Line 209:
 
|}
 
|}
  
====Make Installation MicroSD Card====
+
{{BurnOS-Allwinner|NanoPi-NEO-Plus2}}
* Extract the nanopi-neo-plus2_ubuntu-core-xenial_4.x.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip and win32diskimager.rar. Insert a MicroSD card(at least 8G) into a Windows PC and run the win32diskimager utility as administrator. On the utility's main window select your card's drive, the wanted image file and click on "write" to start flashing the  card till it is done.
+
* Insert this card into your NEO Plus2's MicroSD card slot and power on (with a 5V/2A power source). If the blue LED blinks this indicates your NEO Plus2 has successfully booted.<br />
+
  
====Flash Image to eMMC====
+
{{FriendlyCoreGeneral|NanoPi-NEO-Plus2}}
* Extract the nanopi-neo-plus2_eflasher_4.x.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip package and win32diskimager.rar. Insert a MicroSD card(at least 8G) into a Windows PC and run the win32diskimager utility as administrator. On the utility's main window select your SD card's drive, the wanted image file and click on "write" to start flashing the MicroSD card.
+
{{FriendlyCoreAllwinnerH5|NanoPi-NEO-Plus2}}
* Insert this card into your NEO Plus2 and power on (with a 5V/2A power source) the board. If the green LED is on and blue LED is blinks it indicates your eflasher has started successfully.<br />
+
* Run the following command on a terminal:
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
$ eflasher
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
Select your wanted OS and type "yes" to start flashing. After it is done take off the card, reboot your board it will boot from eMMC.
+
 
+
==Work with Ubuntu-Core with Qt-Embedded==
+
===Run Ubuntu-Core with Qt-Embedded===
+
* If you want to do kernel development you need to use a serial communication board, ie a PSU-ONECOM board, which will allow you to operate the board via a serial terminal.Here is a setup where we connect a NanoPi NEO Plus2 to a PC via the PSU-ONECOM and you can power on your NEO Plus2 from either the PSU-ONECOM or its MicroUSB:
+
[[File:PSU-ONECOM-NEO-Plus2.jpg|frameless|400px|PSU-ONECOM-NEO_Plus2]]<br>
+
You can use a USB to Serial conversion board too. Make sure you use a 5V/2A power to power your NEO Plus2 from its MicroUSB port:<br>
+
[[File:USB2UART-NEO-Plus2.jpg|frameless|400px|USB2UART-NEO-Plus2]]
+
* Default Login Account:
+
Regular User:
+
    User Account: pi
+
    Password: pi
+
 
+
Root:
+
    User Account: root
+
    Password: fa
+
By default pi logs in automatically. You can disable its auto-login by using "sudo npi-config".
+
 
+
* Update Software Packages:
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
sudo apt-get update
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
 
+
===Configure System with npi-config===
+
The npi-config is a commandline utility which can be used to initialize system configurations such as user password, system language, time zone, Hostname, SSH switch , Auto login and etc. Type the following command to run this utility.
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
$ sudo npi-config
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
Here is how npi-config's GUI looks like:<br />
+
[[File:npi-config.jpg|frameless|500px|npi-config]]<br />
+
 
+
===Ethernet Connection===
+
If the NanoPi NEO Plus2 is connected to a network via Ethernet before it is powered on it will automatically obtain an IP after it is powered up. If it is not connected via Ethernet or its DHCP is not activated obtaining an IP will fail and system will hang on for about 15 to 60 seconds.
+
Obtain an IP address
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
dhclient eth0
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
 
+
===Login via SSH===
+
The NanoPi NEO Plus2 doesn't have a video output interface. You can log into the board via SSH. In our test the IP address detected by our router was 192.168.1.230 and we ran the following command to log into the NanoPi NEO Plus2:
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
$ ssh root@192.168.1.230
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
The password is fa
+
 
+
===Extend NEO Plus2's TF Card Section===
+
When Ubuntu is loaded the TF card's section will be automatically extended.You can check the section's size by running the following command:
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
$ df -h
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
 
+
===Wireless Connection===
+
Note: An IPX antenna is A MUST.<br/>
+
<!---
+
[[File:NanoPi NEO Air-IPX.png|frameless|400px|NanoPi NEO Air-IPX]]
+
--->
+
After your NanoPi NEO Plus2 is powered up you can log into NEO Plus2 and run the following command to check if a WiFi device is recognized. If "wlan0" is listed it indicates your WiFi has been recognized:
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
sudo ifconfig -a
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
Open the file "/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf" with vi or gedit and append the following lines:
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
network={
+
        ssid="YourWiFiESSID"
+
        psk="YourWiFiPassword"
+
}
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
The "YourWiFiESSID" and "YourWiFiPassword" need to be replaced with your actual ESSID and password.<br/>
+
Save, exit and run the following commands your board will be connected to your specified WiFi:<br />
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
ifdown wlan0
+
ifup wlan0
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
 
+
If your WiFi password has special characters or you don't want your password saved as plain text you can use "wpa_passphrase" to generate a psk for your WiFi password. Here is how you can do it:<br/>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
wpa_passphrase YourWiFiESSID
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
Following the prompt type in your password. If you open the file "/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf" you will find that your password has been updated and you can delete your clear-text password.
+
 
+
===Connect NanoPi NEO Plus2 to USB Camera(FA-CAM202)===
+
[[File:USB-Camera-NanoPi-NEO2.png|frameless|500px|USB camera]]<br/>
+
The FA-CAM202 is a 2M-pixel USB camera module.
+
Boot your NEO Plus2, connect it to the internet, log in the system as root, compile and run the mjpg-streamer utility:
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
$ su root
+
$ cd /root/mjpg-streamer
+
$ make
+
./start.sh
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
The mjpg-streamer is an open source media server. After it is started successfully you will see the following messages:
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
i: Using V4L2 device.: /dev/video0
+
i: Desired Resolution: 1280 x 720
+
i: Frames Per Second.: 30
+
i: Format............: YUV
+
i: JPEG Quality......: 90
+
o: www-folder-path...: ./www/
+
o: HTTP TCP port.....: 8080
+
o: username:password.: disabled
+
o: commands..........: enabled
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
 
+
In our case our NEO Plus2's IP address was 192.168.1.123. We typed "192.168.1.123:8080" on a browser, entered and we got the following screenshot:<br>
+
[[File:mjpg-streamer-cam500a.png|frameless|600px|mjpg-streamer-cam500a]] <br>
+
<!---
+
The mjpg-streamer uses libjpeg to soft-encode camera's input data. You can use ffmpeg to hard-encode data which greatly increases system's efficiency:
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
$ su root
+
$ ffmpeg -t 30 -f v4l2 -channel 0 -video_size 1280x720 -i /dev/video0 -pix_fmt nv12 -r 30 -b:v 64k -c:v cedrus264 test.mp4
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
By default it records a 30-second video. When you type "q" it will stop recording and the recorded video will be saved as a test.mp4 file.
+
--->
+
  
 
===Record and Play Audio File===
 
===Record and Play Audio File===
The NanoPi NEO Plus2 has an audio interface: 2.0mm pitch 5-pin pin-header:
+
The NanoPi NEO Plus2 has an audio interface: 2.54mm pitch 4-pin pin-header:
 
::{| class="wikitable"
 
::{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Pin# || Name      ||  Description   
 
|Pin# || Name      ||  Description   
 
|-
 
|-
|1    || MICIN1P  || Microphone Positive Input
+
|1    || LINEOUTL  || LINE-OUT Left Channel Output
 
|-
 
|-
|2   || MICIN1N    || Microphone Negative Input   
+
|2   || LINEOUTR  || LINE-OUT Right Channel Output
 
|-  
 
|-  
|3    || LINEOUTR || LINE-OUT Right Channel Output
+
|3     || MICIN1N   ||  Microphone Negative Input    
|-
+
|4   || GND      || 地
+
 
|-
 
|-
|5    || LINEOUTL  || LINE-OUT Left Channel Output
+
|4    || MICIN1P  || Microphone Positive Input
 
|}
 
|}
 
Here is a hardware setup for connecting an audio device to a NanoPi NEO Plus2:<br>
 
Here is a hardware setup for connecting an audio device to a NanoPi NEO Plus2:<br>
[[File:NEO Plus2耳麦标注.jpg|frameless|400px|耳麦标注]]<br>
+
[[File:neo-plus2-耳麦标注.jpg|frameless|400px|耳麦标注]]<br>
 
Make sure an audio device is connected to your NEO Plus2 and then you can test audio recording and playing by running the following commands.<br>
 
Make sure an audio device is connected to your NEO Plus2 and then you can test audio recording and playing by running the following commands.<br>
 
Check audio devices:
 
Check audio devices:
Line 352: Line 244:
 
$ aplay /root/Music/test.wav -D plughw:0
 
$ aplay /root/Music/test.wav -D plughw:0
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
+
参数-D plughw:0表示使用设备card 0,请根据aplay -l的实际打印信息选择正确的card设备。<br>
 
Record Audio:
 
Record Audio:
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
$ arecord -f cd -d 5 test.wav
 
$ arecord -f cd -d 5 test.wav
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
</syntaxhighlight>
<!--
 
===通过Rpi-Monitor查看系统状态===
 
Ubuntu-Core系统里已经集成了Rpi-Monitor,该服务允许用户在通过浏览器查看开发板系统状态。<br>
 
假设NEO2的IP地址为192.168.1.230,在PC的浏览器中输入下述地址:
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
192.168.1.230:8888
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
可以进入如下页面:<br>
 
[[File:rpi-monitor.png|frameless|500px|rpi-monitor]] <br>
 
用户可以非常方便地查看到系统负载、CPU的频率和温度、可用内存、SD卡容量等信息。
 
-->
 
  
===Access GPIO Pins/Wirings with WiringNP===
+
{{OpenWrt1|NanoPi-NEO-Plus2}}
The wiringPi library was initially developed by Gordon Henderson in C. It contains libraries to access GPIO, I2C, SPI, UART, PWM and etc.
+
The wiringPi library contains various libraries, header files and a commandline utility:gpio. The gpio utility can be used to read and write GPIO pins.<br>
+
FriendlyElec integrated this utility in NEO's system allowing users to easily access GPIO pins. For more details refer to  [[WiringNP:_WiringPi_for_NanoPi_NEO/NEO2|WiringNP]]
+
  
==Make Your Own Ubuntu-Core with Qt-Embedded==
+
==Make Your Own FriendlyCore==
===Use Mainline BSP===
+
===Use Linux-4.14 BSP===
The NanoPi NEO Plus2 has gotten support for a 64-bit kernel: Linux-4.x.y with Ubuntu Core 16.04. For more details about how to use mainline u-boot and Linux-4.x.y refer to :[[Mainline U-boot & Linux|Mainline U-boot & Linux]] <br>
+
The NanoPi NEO Plus2 only works with a 64-bit kernel: Linux-4.14 with Ubuntu Core 16.04. For more details about how to use mainline u-boot and Linux-4.14 refer to :[[Building U-boot and Linux for H5/H3/H2+]] <br>
  
 
==Resources==
 
==Resources==
 
===Schematics and Datasheets===
 
===Schematics and Datasheets===
* Schematic: [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/images/8/86/Schematic_NanoPi_NEO_Plus2-v1.0-1704.pdf NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704-Schematic.pdf]
+
* Schematic:  
* Dimensions: [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/index.php/File:Dimensions_NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704.rar NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704_pcb file in dxf format]
+
** [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/images/b/bf/Schematic_NanoPi_NEO_Plus2-v1.1-1805.pdf NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-v1.1-1805-Schematic.pdf]
* H5 Datasheet: [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/images/d/de/Allwinner_H5_Datasheet_V1.0.pdf Allwinner_H5_Datasheet_V1.0.pdf]
+
** [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/images/8/86/Schematic_NanoPi_NEO_Plus2-v1.0-1704.pdf NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704-Schematic.pdf]
 +
* Dimensions:  
 +
** [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/index.php/File:Dimensions_NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-v1.1-1805.rar NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-v1.1-1805_pcb file in dxf format]
 +
** [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/index.php/File:Dimensions_NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704.rar NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704_pcb file in dxf format]
 +
* H5 Datasheet:
 +
** [http://wiki.friendlyarm.com/wiki/images/d/de/Allwinner_H5_Datasheet_V1.0.pdf Allwinner_H5_Datasheet_V1.0.pdf]
 +
 
 +
* unofficial ROM
 +
** [http://www.dietpi.com/ DietPi]
 +
** [https://www.armbian.com/download/?tx_maker=friendlyelec armbian]
 +
 
 +
* article
 +
** [https://www.cnx-software.com/2017/07/03/25-nanopi-neo-plus2-board-adds-8gb-flash-wifi-bluetooth-more-ram-and-an-extra-usb-port/]
 +
** [https://www.armbian.com/nanopi-neo-plus2/]
 +
 
 +
==List of Version Differences==
 +
* '''NanoPi NEO Plus2 Version Compare & List(Hardware)'''
 +
::{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
|version || NanoPi NEO Plus2 V1.0 1704 || NanoPi NEO Plus2 V1.1 1805
 +
|-
 +
|Photo    || [[File:NanoPi NEO Plus2-V1.0.jpg |thumb|]] || [[File:NanoPi NEO Plus2-V1.1.jpg |thumb|]]
 +
|-
 +
|Audio Interface  || ①NEO Plus2 v1.0's audio interface is 5Pin,2.0mm pitch pin header<br>  ||① NEO Plus2 v1.1's audio interface is 4Pin,2.54mm pitch pin header<br>
 +
|}
  
 
==Update Log==
 
==Update Log==
 
===May-30-2017===
 
===May-30-2017===
 
* Released English Version
 
* Released English Version

Revision as of 03:27, 21 May 2019

查看中文

1 Introduction

Overview
Front
Back
  • The NanoPi NEO Plus2 is another Allwinner based ARM board developed by FriendlyElec. It uses Allwinner's 64-bit quad-core A53 SoC with hexa-core Mali450 GPU and features 1GB of DDR3 RAM and 8GB eMMC.
  • With a small size of only 40 x 52mm the NanoPi NEO Plus2 has rich on-board resources: AP6212 WiFi & Bluetooth module, Gbps Ethernet and two USB hosts. It supports system-boot from a MicroSD card.
  • The NanoPi NEO Plus2 has a carefully designed power system and 6-layer PCB layout. These features enhance the board's heat dissipation.
  • The NanoPi NEO Plus2 meets popular IOT applications requirements for small size, high-speed and large throughput data transmission and high performance computing.

2 Hardware Spec

  • CPU: Allwinner H5,Quad-core 64-bit high-performance Cortex A53
  • DDR3 RAM:1GB
  • Storage: 8GB eMMC
  • Network: Gbps Ethernet
  • WiFi: 802.11b/g/n
  • Bluetooth: 4.0 dual mode
  • USB Host: 2 x Independent USB Host
  • MicroSD Slot: 1 x Slot. It supports system booting or is used to hold a storage card
  • Audio Input/Output: 4-Pin, 2.54mm pitch pin-header
  • MicroUSB: power input
  • Debug Serial: 4Pin, 2.54mm pitch pin-header
  • GPIO1:24Pin, 2.54mm pitch double-row pin-header containing UART, SPI, I2C and IO
  • GPIO2:12Pin, 2.54mm pitch pin-header containing USB, IR receiver,I2S and IO
  • Power Supply: DC 5V/2A
  • PCB Dimension: 40 x 52mm
  • PCB Layer: 6-Layer

3 Software Features

3.1 UbuntuCore

  • mainline kernel: Linux-4.14
  • UbuntuCore 16.04
  • 64-bit OS
  • supports FriendlyElec’s BakeBit Kit
  • supports FriendlyElec’s NanoHAT OLED
  • pre-installed FriendlyElec’s NanoHAT Motor Python Library
  • pre-installed WiringPi for GPIO access
  • pre-installed RPi.GPIO for GPIO access
  • npi-config: system configuration utility for setting passwords, language, timezone, hostname, SSH and auto-login.
  • networkmanager: a network utility to manage networking
  • auto-login with user account "pi" with access to npi-config
  • supports Gbps Ethernet
  • supports WiFi and Bluetooth
  • supports FriendlyElec's FA-CAM202 USB camera
  • supports audio recording and playing

3.2 Debian for NAS Dock

  • supports FriendlyElec’s NAS Dock
  • pre-installed OpenMediaVault

4 Diagram, Layout and Dimension

4.1 Layout

NanoPi NEO Plus2 Layout
pinout
  • GPIO Pin Description
Pin# Name Linux gpio Pin# Name Linux gpio
1 SYS_3.3V 2 VDD_5V
3 I2C0_SDA / GPIOA12 12 4 VDD_5V
5 I2C0_SCL / GPIOA11 11 6 GND
7 GPIOG11 203 8 UART1_TX / GPIOG6 198
9 GND 10 UART1_RX / GPIOG7 199
11 UART2_TX / GPIOA0 0 12 GPIOA6 6
13 UART2_RTS / GPIOA2 2 14 GND
15 UART2_CTS / GPIOA3 3 16 UART1_RTS / GPIOG8 200
17 SYS_3.3V 18 UART1_CTS / GPIOG9 201
19 SPI0_MOSI / GPIOC0 64 20 GND
21 SPI0_MISO / GPIOC1 65 22 UART2_RX / GPIOA1 1
23 SPI0_CLK / GPIOC2 66 24 SPI0_CS / GPIOC3 67
  • USB/Audio/IR Pin Description
NanoPi NEO Plus2
Pin# Name Description
1 VDD_5V 5V Power Out
2 USB-DP1 USB1 DP Signal
3 USB-DM1 USB1 DM Signal
4 USB-DP2 USB2 DP Signal
5 USB-DM2 USB2 DM Signal
6 GPIOL11 / IR-RX GPIOL11 or IR Receive
7 SPDIF-OUT / GPIOA17 GPIOA17 or SPDIF-OUT
8 PCM0_SYNC / I2S0_LRC I2S / PCM Sample Rate Clock/Sync
9 PCM0_CLK / I2S0_BCK I2S / PCM Sample Rate Clock
10 PCM0_DOUT / I2S0_SDOUT I2S / PCM Serial Data Output
11 PCM0_DIN / I2S0_SDIN I2S / PCM Serial Data Input
12 GND 0V
  • Audio
Pin# Name Description
1 LINEOUTL LINE-OUT Left Channel Output
2 LINEOUTR LINE-OUT Right Channel Output
3 MICIN1N Microphone Negative Input
4 MICIN1P Microphone Positive Input
  • Debug Port(UART0)
DBG_UART
Pin# Name
1 GND
2 VDD_5V
3 UART_TXD0 / GPIOA4
4 UART_RXD0 / GPIOA5 / PWM0
Note:
  1. SYS_3.3V: 3.3V power output
  2. VVDD_5V: 5V power input/output. The input range is 4.7V ~ 5.6V
  3. All pins are 3.3V, output current is 5mA
  4. For more details refer to the document: NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-v1.1-1805-Schematic.pdf

4.2 Dimensional Diagram

NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-1704-dimensions.png

For more details refer to: [Dimensions_NanoPi-NEO-Plus2-v1.1-1805]

5 Software Features

FriendlyCore System
Cross-Compiler
  • gcc-linaro-6.3.1-2017.02-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu
  • it applies to 64-bit Armv8 Cortex-A, little-endian architechture. FriendlyElec uses it for its H5 based boards.
U-boot-2017.11
  • It can recognize a FriendlyElec's H5 based board and load its dtb file accordingly.
  • It optimizes memory settings.
  • It supports voltage regulation IC sy8106a and applies only to NanoPi K1 Plus/NanoPi NEO Core2.
  • It supports MAC generation from H5's CPU ID.
  • It supports system booting from either SD card or eMMC and can automatically load the kernel from the booting device.
Linux-4.14
  • It supports LED. You can access it via "/sys/class/leds".
  • It supports GPIO. You can access it via "/sys/class/gpio/".
  • It supports UART0/1/2/3. You can access it via "/dev/ttySX".
  • It supports I2C0. You can access it via "/dev/i2c-X".
  • It supports PWM0. You can access it via "/sys/class/pwm/". The UART0 pin is multiplexed.
  • It supports I2S0. It works together with PCM5102A codec. The I2C1 pin is multiplexed.
  • It supports Watchdog. You can access it via "/dev/watchX".
  • It can read a CPU ID. You can access it via "/sys/bus/nvmem/devices/sunxi-sid0/nvmem".
  • It supports IR Receiver. You need to connect an IR receiver to the board.
  • It supports dynamic CPU voltage regulation.
  • It supports USB Host0/1/2/3.
  • It supports TF Card.
  • It supports eMMC.
  • It supports 1000M Ethernet.
  • It supports H5's internal Codec and supports voice playing and recording.
  • It supports USB Camera(CAM202).
  • It supports popular USB WiFi Adapters.
  • It supports popular USB Ethernet Adapters.
  • It supports popular USB Serial Converters.
  • It supports popular USB Sound Cards.
  • It supports FriendlyElec's NanoHat PCM5102A.
File System
  • Based on UbuntuCore-16.04, it has original UbuntuCore features.
  • It has popular utilties:VIM/Nano/SSHserver and etc.
  • It has Qt-Embedded-4.8 and suitable for rapid product prototyping which needs a GUI.
  • It has a network management utility "NetworkManager" which can automatically detect and connect to a network. For more details refer to: NetworkManager
  • It has a commandline utility "npi-config" which can be used to set a user password, language, timezone, Hostname, SSH enable/disable, auto-login, hardware interface and etc. For more details refer to Npi-config
  • It expands the file system on the first system boot.
  • It supports file system auto-repair on system boot.
  • It supports 512MB's swap.
  • It supports WiringNP which functions like Arduino's API and can be used to access NanoPi boards' gpio/i2c/spi and etc. For more details refer to: WiringNP
  • It supports FriendlyElec's BakeBit which is a set of sensor modules including hardware components(such as NanoHat Hub extension board) and software (such as BakeBit). For more details refer to BakeBit .
  • It supports RPi.GPIO which can be used to access NanoPi boards' gpio with Python. For more details refer to RPi.GPIO.
eFlasher system
Cross-Compiler
  • gcc-linaro-6.3.1-2017.02-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu
  • it applies to 64-bit Armv8 Cortex-A, little-endian architechture. FriendlyElec uses it for its H5 based boards.
U-boot-2017.11
  • Same as FriendlyCore
Linux-4.14
  • Same as FriendlyCore
File System
  • Based on UbuntuCore-16.04, it has original UbuntuCore features.
  • It has an eFlasher utility with GUI, which is set to auto-run on system startup. For more details refer to EFlasher.
  • It has an eFlasher commandline utility.
  • It supports multiple OS options.
  • It shows system installation process bar.
  • It supports data backup from and restoration to eMMC.
  • It can detect image files located on the root directory of an external storage device(e.g. USB disk).


6 Get Started

6.1 Essentials You Need

Before starting to use your NanoPi NEO Plus2 get the following items ready:

  • NanoPi NEO Plus2
  • microSD Card/TFCard: Class 10 or Above, minimum 8GB SDHC
  • microUSB power. A 5V/2A power is a must
  • A Host computer running Ubuntu 16.04 64 bit system

6.2 TF Cards We Tested

To make your NanoPi NEO Plus2 boot and run fast we highly recommend you use a Class10 8GB SDHC TF card or a better one. The following cards are what we used in all our test cases presented here:

  • SanDisk TF 8G Class10 Micro/SD TF card:

SanDisk MicroSD 8G

  • SanDisk TF128G MicroSDXC TF 128G Class10 48MB/S:

SanDisk MicroSD 128G

  • 川宇 8G C10 High Speed class10 micro SD card:

chuanyu MicroSD 8G

6.3 Install OS

6.3.1 Get Image Files

Visit this link download link to download image files(under the "official-ROMs" directory) and the flashing utility(under the "tools" directory):

Image Files:
nanopi-neo-plus2_sd_friendlycore-xenial_4.14_armhf_YYYYMMDD.img.zip FriendlyCore (base on UbuntuCore) Image File, kernel:Linux-4.14
nanopi-neo-plus2_sd_openwrt_4.14_arm64_YYYYMMDD.img.zip OpenWrt, kernel:Linux-4.14
nanopi-neo-plus2_eflasher_friendlycore-xenial_4.14_arm64_YYYYMMDD.img.zip eflasher image, for flashing FriendlyCore(Linux-4.14) to eMMC
nanopi-neo-plus2_eflasher_openwrt_4.14_arm64_YYYYMMDD.img.zip eflasher image, for flashing OpenWrt(Linux-4.14) to eMMC
Flash Utility:
win32diskimager.rar Windows utility for flashing Debian image. Under Linux users can use "dd"

6.3.2 Linux

6.3.2.1 Flash to TF
  • FriendlyCore / Debian / Ubuntu / OpenWrt / DietPi are all based on a same Linux distribution and their installation methods are the same.
  • Extract the Linux image and win32diskimager.rar files. Insert a TF card(at least 8G) into a Windows PC and run the win32diskimager utility as administrator. On the utility's main window select your TF card's drive, the wanted image file and click on "write" to start flashing the TF card.

Take "nanopi-neo-plus2_sd_friendlycore-xenial_4.14_arm64_YYYYMMDD.img" as an example here is the installation window. Other image files are installed on the similar window:
win32disk-h5

After it is installed you will see the following window:
win32disk-finish

  • Insert this card into your board's BOOT slot and power on (with a 5V/2A power source). If the PWR LED is on and the STAT LED is blinking this indicates your board has successfully booted.
6.3.2.2 Flash to eMMC
6.3.2.2.1 Flash OS with eflasher Utility
  • For more details about eflasher refer to the wiki link: EFlasher
  • Extract the eflasher Image and win32diskimager.rar files. Insert a TF card(at least 4G) into a Windows PC and run the win32diskimager utility as administrator. On the utility's main window select your TF card's drive, the wanted image file and click on "write" to start flashing the TF card.
  • Insert this card into your board's BOOT slot and power on (with a 5V/2A power source). If the green LED is on and the blue LED is blinking this indicates your board has successfully booted.
  • Connect the board to an HDMI monitor or an LCD and a USB mouse, and select an OS to start installation.

eflasher_friendlycore

  • If your board doesn't support HDMI or no monitor is connected you can select an OS by running the following command:
$ su root
$ eflasher

The password for "root" is "fa".

We take "nanopi-neo-plus2_eflasher_friendlycore-xenial_4.14_arm64_YYYYMMDD.img" as an example. After you run the "eflasher" command you will see the following messages:

eflasher_friendlycore1
Type "1", select writing friendlycore system to eMMC you will see the following messages:

eflasher_friendlycore2_h5
Type "yes" to start installation:

eflasher_friendlycore3
After it is done power off the system, take off the TF card, power on again your system will be booted from eMMC.

  • If you want to flash other system to eMMC you can download the whole images-for-eflasher directory and extract the package under that directory to the FRIENDLYARM partition of an installation SD card.

eflasher_friendlyarm_h5

7 Work with FriendlyCore

7.1 Introduction

FriendlyCore is a light Linux system without X-windows, based on ubuntu core, It uses the Qt-Embedded's GUI and is popular in industrial and enterprise applications.

Besides the regular Ubuntu core's features our FriendlyCore has the following additional features:

  • it supports our LCDs with both capacitive touch and resistive touch(S700, X710, HD702, S430, HD101 and S70)
  • it supports WiFi
  • it supports Ethernet
  • it supports Bluetooth and has been installed with bluez utilities
  • it supports audio playing
  • it supports Qt 5.10.0 EGLES and OpenGL ES1.1/2.0 (Only for S5P4418/S5P6818)

7.2 System Login

  • If your board is connected to an HDMI monitor you need to use a USB mouse and keyboard.
  • If you want to do kernel development you need to use a serial communication board, ie a PSU-ONECOM board, which will

allow you to operate the board via a serial terminal.Here is a setup where we connect a board to a PC via the PSU-ONECOM and you can power on your board from either the PSU-ONECOM or its MicroUSB: PSU-ONECOM-NEO-Plus2.jpg
You can use a USB to Serial conversion board too.
Make sure you use a 5V/2A power to power your board from its MicroUSB port:
USB2UART-NEO-Plus2.jpg

  • FriendlyCore User Accounts:

Non-root User:

   User Name: pi
   Password: pi

Root:

   User Name: root
   Password: fa

The system is automatically logged in as "pi". You can do "sudo npi-config" to disable auto login.

  • Update packages
$ sudo apt-get update

7.3 Configure System with npi-config

The npi-config is a commandline utility which can be used to initialize system configurations such as user password, system language, time zone, Hostname, SSH switch , Auto login and etc. Type the following command to run this utility.

$ sudo npi-config

Here is how npi-config's GUI looks like:
npi-config

7.4 Develop Qt Application

Please refer to: How to Build and Install Qt Application for FriendlyELEC Boards

7.5 Setup Program to AutoRun

You can setup a program to autorun on system boot with npi-config:

sudo npi-config

Go to Boot Options -> Autologin -> Qt/Embedded, select Enable and reboot.

7.6 Extend TF Card's Section

When FriendlyCore is loaded the TF card's section will be automatically extended.You can check the section's size by running the following command:

$ df -h

7.7 Transfer files using Bluetooth

Take the example of transferring files to the mobile phone. First, set your mobile phone Bluetooth to detectable status, then execute the following command to start Bluetooth search.:

hcitool scan


Search results look like:

Scanning ...
    2C:8A:72:1D:46:02   HTC6525LVW

This means that a mobile phone named HTC6525LVW is searched. We write down the MAC address in front of the phone name, and then use the sdptool command to view the Bluetooth service supported by the phone:

sdptool browser 2C:8A:72:1D:46:02

Note: Please replace the MAC address in the above command with the actual Bluetooth MAC address of the mobile phone.
This command will detail the protocols supported by Bluetooth for mobile phones. What we need to care about is a file transfer service called OBEX Object Push. Take the HTC6525LVW mobile phone as an example. The results are as follows:

Service Name: OBEX Object Push
Service RecHandle: 0x1000b
Service Class ID List:
  "OBEX Object Push" (0x1105)
Protocol Descriptor List:
  "L2CAP" (0x0100)
  "RFCOMM" (0x0003)
    Channel: 12
  "OBEX" (0x0008)
Profile Descriptor List:
  "OBEX Object Push" (0x1105)
    Version: 0x0100

As can be seen from the above information, the channel used by the OBEX Object Push service of this mobile phone is 12, we need to pass it to the obexftp command, and finally the command to initiate the file transfer request is as follows:

obexftp --nopath --noconn --uuid none --bluetooth -b 2C:8A:72:1D:46:02 -B 12 -put example.jpg

Note: Please replace the MAC address, channel and file name in the above command with the actual one.

After executing the above commands, please pay attention to the screen of the mobile phone. The mobile phone will pop up a prompt for pairing and receiving files. After confirming, the file transfer will start.

Bluetooth FAQ:
1) Bluetooth device not found on the development board, try to open Bluetooth with the following command:

rfkill unblock 0

2) Prompt can not find the relevant command, you can try to install related software with the following command:

apt-get install bluetooth bluez obexftp openobex-apps python-gobject ussp-push

7.8 WiFi

For either an SD WiFi or a USB WiFi you can connect it to your board in the same way. The APXX series WiFi chips are SD WiFi chips. By default FriendlyElec's system supports most popular USB WiFi modules. Here is a list of the USB WiFi modules we tested:

Index Model
1 RTL8188CUS/8188EU 802.11n WLAN Adapter
2 RT2070 Wireless Adapter
3 RT2870/RT3070 Wireless Adapter
4 RTL8192CU Wireless Adapter
5 mi WiFi mt7601

You can use the NetworkManager utility to manage network. You can run "nmcli" in the commandline utility to start it. Here are the commands to start a WiFi connection:

  • Change to root
$ su root
  • Check device list
$ nmcli dev

Note: if the status of a device is "unmanaged" it means that device cannot be accessed by NetworkManager. To make it accessed you need to clear the settings under "/etc/network/interfaces" and reboot your system.

  • Start WiFi
$ nmcli r wifi on
  • Scan Surrounding WiFi Sources
$ nmcli dev wifi
  • Connect to a WiFi Source
$ nmcli dev wifi connect "SSID" password "PASSWORD" ifname wlan0

The "SSID" and "PASSWORD" need to be replaced with your actual SSID and password.If you have multiple WiFi devices you need to specify the one you want to connect to a WiFi source with iface
If a connection succeeds it will be automatically setup on next system reboot.

For more details about NetworkManager refer to this link: Use NetworkManager to configure network settings

If your USB WiFi module doesn't work most likely your system doesn't have its driver. For a Debian system you can get a driver from Debian-WiFi and install it on your system. For a Ubuntu system you can install a driver by running the following commands:

$ apt-get install linux-firmware

In general all WiFi drivers are located at the "/lib/firmware" directory.

7.9 Setup Wi-Fi Hotspot

Run the following command to enter AP mode:

$ su root
$ turn-wifi-into-apmode yes

You will be prompted to type your WiFi hotspot's name and password and then proceed with default prompts.
After this is done you will be able to find this hotspot in a neadby cell phone or PC. You can login to this board at 192.168.8.1:

$ ssh root@192.168.8.1

When asked to type a password you can type "fa".

To speed up your ssh login you can turn off your wifi by running the following command:

$ iwconfig wlan0 power off

To switch back to Station mode run the following command:

$ turn-wifi-into-apmode no

7.10 Bluetooth

Search for surrounding bluetooth devices by running the following command:

$ su root
$ hciconfig hci0 up
$ hcitool scan

You can run "hciconfig" to check bluetooth's status.

7.11 Ethernet Connection

If a board is connected to a network via Ethernet before it is powered on it will automatically obtain an IP with DHCP activated after it is powered up. If you want to set up a static IP refer to: Use NetworkManager to configure network settings

7.12 WiringPi and Python Wrapper

7.13 Set Audio Device

If your system has multiple audio devices such as HDMI-Audio, 3.5mm audio jack and I2S-Codec you can set system's default audio device by running the following commands.

  • After your board is booted run the following commands to install alsa packages:
$ apt-get update
$ apt-get install libasound2
$ apt-get install alsa-base
$ apt-get install alsa-utils
  • After installation is done you can list all the audio devices by running the following command. Here is a similar list you may see after you run the command:
$ aplay -l
card 0: HDMI
card 1: 3.5mm codec
card 2: I2S codec

"card 0" is HDMI-Audio, "card 1" is 3.5mm audio jack and "card 2" is I2S-Codec. You can set default audio device to HDMI-Audio by changing the "/etc/asound.conf" file as follows:

pcm.!default {
    type hw
    card 0
    device 0
}
 
ctl.!default {
    type hw
    card 0
}

If you change "card 0" to "card 1" the 3.5mm audio jack will be set to the default device.
Copy a .wav file to your board and test it by running the following command:

$ aplay /root/Music/test.wav

You will hear sounds from system's default audio device.
If you are using H3/H5/H2+ series board with mainline kernel, the easier way is using npi-config


7.14 Connect to USB Camera(FA-CAM202)

The FA-CAM202 is a 200M USB camera. You can refer to <Connect DVP Camera (CAM500B) to Board> on how to connect a USB camera to a board.
You need to change the start.sh script and make sure it uses a correct /dev/videoX node. You can check your FA-CAM202's node by running the following commands:

$ apt-get install v4l-utils
$ v4l2-ctl -d /dev/video1 -D
Driver Info (not using libv4l2):
        Driver name   : uvcvideo
        Card type     : HC 3358+2100: HC 3358+2100
        Bus info      : usb-1c1b000.usb-1
	...

Information above indicates that /dev/video1 is the device node of the FA-CAM 202.

7.15 Check CPU's Working Temperature

You can get CPU's working temperature by running the following command:

$ cpu_freq
CPU0 online=1 temp=26581 governor=ondemand cur_freq=480000
CPU1 online=1 temp=26581 governor=ondemand cur_freq=480000
CPU2 online=1 temp=26581 governor=ondemand cur_freq=480000
CPU3 online=1 temp=26581 governor=ondemand cur_freq=480000

This message means there are currently four CPUs working. All of their working temperature is 26.5 degree in Celsius and each one's clock is 480MHz.

7.16 Test Watchdog

You can test watchdog by running the following commands:

$ cd /root/demo/watchdog/
$ gcc watchdog_demo.c -o watchdog_demo
$ ./watchdog_demo /dev/watchdog0 10
Set timeout: 10 seconds
Get timeout: 10 seconds
System will reboot in 10 second

System will reboot in 10 seconds.

7.17 Test Infrared Receiver

Note: Please Check your board if IR receiver exist.
By default the infrared function is disabled you can enable it by using the npi-config utility:

$ npi-config
    6 Advanced Options     Configure advanced settings
        A8 IR              Enable/Disable IR
            ir Enable/Disable ir[enabled]

Reboot your system and test its infrared function by running the following commands:

$ apt-get install ir-keytable
$ echo "+rc-5 +nec +rc-6 +jvc +sony +rc-5-sz +sanyo +sharp +mce_kbd +xmp" > /sys/class/rc/rc0/protocols   # Enable infrared
$ ir-keytable -t
Testing events. Please, press CTRL-C to abort.

"ir-keytable -t" is used to check whether the receiver receives infrared signals. You can use a remote control to send infrared signals to the receiver. If it works you will see similar messages as follows:

1522404275.767215: event type EV_MSC(0x04): scancode = 0xe0e43
1522404275.767215: event type EV_SYN(0x00).
1522404278.911267: event type EV_MSC(0x04): scancode = 0xe0e42
1522404278.911267: event type EV_SYN(0x00).

7.18 Read CHIP ID

As for Allwinner H2+/H3/H5/ SoCs each of these CPUs has an internal 16-btye CHIP ID which can be read by running the following commands in the Linux-4.14 kernel:

$ apt-get install bsdmainutils
$ hexdump /sys/bus/nvmem/devices/sunxi-sid0/nvmem 
0000000 8082 0447 0064 04c3 3650 ce0a 1e28 2202
0000010 0002 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000020 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000030 0000 0008 0508 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000040 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000

"8082 0447 0064 04c3 3650 ce0a 1e28 2202" is the 16-byte CHIP ID.

7.19 Access GPIO Pins/Wirings with WiringNP

The wiringPi library was initially developed by Gordon Henderson in C. It contains libraries to access GPIO, I2C, SPI, UART, PWM and etc. The wiringPi library contains various libraries, header files and a commandline utility:gpio. The gpio utility can be used to read and write GPIO pins.
FriendlyElec integrated this utility in FriendlyCore system allowing users to easily access GPIO pins. For more details refer to WiringNP WiringNP

7.20 Run Qt Demo

Run the following command

$ sudo /opt/QtE-Demo/run.sh

Here is what you expect to observe. This is an open source Qt Demo:
K2-QtE

7.21 How to install and use docker (for arm64 system)

7.21.1 How to Install Docker

Run the following commands:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install docker.io

7.21.2 Test Docker installation

Test that your installation works by running the simple docker image:

git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/debian-jessie-arm-docker
cd debian-jessie-arm-docker
./rebuild-image.sh
./run.sh

7.22 Record and Play Audio File

The NanoPi NEO Plus2 has an audio interface: 2.54mm pitch 4-pin pin-header:

Pin# Name Description
1 LINEOUTL LINE-OUT Left Channel Output
2 LINEOUTR LINE-OUT Right Channel Output
3 MICIN1N Microphone Negative Input
4 MICIN1P Microphone Positive Input

Here is a hardware setup for connecting an audio device to a NanoPi NEO Plus2:
耳麦标注
Make sure an audio device is connected to your NEO Plus2 and then you can test audio recording and playing by running the following commands.
Check audio devices:

$ aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: audiocodec [audiocodec], device 0: SUNXI-CODEC sun50iw2codec-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

Play Audio Files:

$ aplay /root/Music/test.wav -D plughw:0

参数-D plughw:0表示使用设备card 0,请根据aplay -l的实际打印信息选择正确的card设备。
Record Audio:

$ arecord -f cd -d 5 test.wav

8 Work with OpenWrt

8.1 Introduction

OpenWrt is a highly extensible GNU/Linux distribution for embedded devices.Unlike many other distributions for routers, OpenWrt is built from the ground up to be a full-featured, easily modifiable operating system for embedded devices. In practice, this means that you can have all the features you need with none of the bloat, powered by a modern Linux kernel. For more details you can refer to:OpenWrt Website.

8.2 System Login

  • Login via Serial Port

When you do kernel development you'd better get a serial communication board. After you connect your board to a serial communication board you will be able to do development work from a commandline utility.
Here is a hardware setup:
After you connect your board to a serial communication board (e.g. FriendlyElec's serial communication board) you can power the whole system from either the DC port on the serial communication board or the MicroUSB port(if there is one) on your board:
PSU-ONECOM-NEO-Plus2.jpg

or you can use a USB to serial board and power on the whole system at the MicroUSB port with a 5V/2A power:
USB2UART-NEO-Plus2.jpg

By default you will login as root without a password. You can use "passwd" to set a password for root.
op_login
On first boot the system will automatically extend the file system on the TF card to the max capacity:
resize_rootfs_userdata
Please wait for this to be done.

  • Login via SSH

In FriendlyElec's OpenWrt system the Ethernet(eth0) is configured as WAN.
Before power on your board make sure your board is connected to a master router's LAN with an Ethernet cable and the eth0 will be assigned an IP address by DHCP.
For example, if your eth0 is assigned an IP address 192.168.1.163 you can login with SSH by running the following command:

$ ssh root@192.168.1.163

You can login without a password.

  • Login via Web

You can login OpenWrt via a LuCI Web page.
After you go through all the steps in <Login via SSH> and get an IP address e.g. 192.168.1.163 for the Ethernet connection, type this IP address in a browser's address bar and you will be able to login OpenWrt-LuCI:
R1-OpenWrt-LuCI
By default you will login as root without a password, just click on "Login" to login.

8.3 Manage Software Packages

OpenWrt has a package management utility: opkg. You can get its details by running the following command:

$ opkg
Package Manipulation:
        update                  Update list of available packages
        upgrade <pkgs>          Upgrade packages
        install <pkgs>          Install package(s)
        configure <pkgs>        Configure unpacked package(s)
        remove <pkgs|regexp>    Remove package(s)
        flag <flag> <pkgs>      Flag package(s)
         <flag>=hold|noprune|user|ok|installed|unpacked (one per invocation)
 
Informational Commands:
        list                    List available packages
        list-installed          List installed packages
        list-upgradable         List installed and upgradable packages
        list-changed-conffiles  List user modified configuration files
        files <pkg>             List files belonging to <pkg>
        search <file|regexp>    List package providing <file>
        find <regexp>           List packages whose name or description matches <regexp>
        info [pkg|regexp]       Display all info for <pkg>
        status [pkg|regexp]     Display all status for <pkg>
        download <pkg>          Download <pkg> to current directory
...

These are just part of the manual. Here are some popular opkg commands.

  • Update Package List

Before you install a package you'd better update the package list:

$ opkg update
  • Check Available Packages
$ opkg list

At the time of writing there are 3241 packages available.

  • Check Installed Packages:
$ opkg list-installed

At the time of writing 124 packages have been installed.

  • Install/Delete Packages:
$ opkg install <pkgs>
$ opkg remove <pkgs>
  • Check Files Contained in Installed Packages:
$ opkg files <pkg>
  • Install Chinese Language Package for LuCI
$ opkg install luci-i18n-base-zh-cn
  • Check Changed Files:
$ opkg list-changed-conffiles

8.4 Check System Status

  • Check CPU Temperature & Frequency via Commandline
$ cpu_freq 
Aavailable frequency(KHz):
        480000 624000 816000 1008000
Current frequency(KHz):
        CPU0 online=1 temp=26548C governor=ondemand freq=624000KHz
        CPU1 online=1 temp=26548C governor=ondemand freq=624000KHz
        CPU2 online=1 temp=26548C governor=ondemand freq=624000KHz
        CPU3 online=1 temp=26548C governor=ondemand freq=624000KHz

These messages mean that there are four CPU cores working online simultaneously. Each core's temperature is 26.5 degrees in Celsius, the scheduling policy is on-demand and the working frequency is 624MHz. You can set the frequency by running the following command:

$ cpu_freq -s 1008000
Aavailable frequency(KHz):
        480000 624000 816000 1008000
Current frequency(KHz):
        CPU0 online=1 temp=36702C governor=userspace freq=1008000KHz
        CPU1 online=1 temp=36702C governor=userspace freq=1008000KHz
        CPU2 online=1 temp=36702C governor=userspace freq=1008000KHz
        CPU3 online=1 temp=36702C governor=userspace freq=1008000KHz

These messages mean four CPU cores are working online. Each core's temperature is 26.5 degrees. Each core's governor is on demand and the frequency is 480 MHz.

  • Check System Status on OpenWrt-LuCI Web Page

After open the OpenWrt-LuCI page, go to "Statistics ---> Graphs" and you will see various system statistics e.g.:
1) System Load:
statistics_system_load
2) RAM:
statistics_memory
3) CPU Temperature:
statistics_thermal
All the statistics listed on the Statistics page are presented by the luci-app-statistics package which uses the Collectd utility to collect data and presents them with the RRDtool utility.
If you want to get more statistics you can install other collectd-mod-* packages. All collectd-mod-* packages use the same configuration file: /etc/config/luci_statistics.

8.5 Check Network->Interfaces Configurations

  • After open the OpenWrt-LuCI page, go to "Network" ---> "Interfaces" and you will see the current network's configurations:

op_interface_eth0_br

  • All the configurations listed on the Network->Interfaces page are stored in the "/etc/config/network" file.

8.6 Check Netwrok->Wireless Configurations

  • After open the OpenWrt-LuCI page, go to Network ---> Wireless and you will see the WiFi hotspot's configurations:

op_wireless
A default WiFi AP's hotspot name looks like "OpenWrt-10:d0:7a:de:3d:92". It doesn't have a password. You can connect your smart phone to it and browse the internet.

  • All the configurations listed on the Network->Wireless page are stored in the "/etc/config/wireless" file.



9 Make Your Own FriendlyCore

9.1 Use Linux-4.14 BSP

The NanoPi NEO Plus2 only works with a 64-bit kernel: Linux-4.14 with Ubuntu Core 16.04. For more details about how to use mainline u-boot and Linux-4.14 refer to :Building U-boot and Linux for H5/H3/H2+

10 Resources

10.1 Schematics and Datasheets

11 List of Version Differences

  • NanoPi NEO Plus2 Version Compare & List(Hardware)
version NanoPi NEO Plus2 V1.0 1704 NanoPi NEO Plus2 V1.1 1805
Photo
NanoPi NEO Plus2-V1.0.jpg
NanoPi NEO Plus2-V1.1.jpg
Audio Interface ①NEO Plus2 v1.0's audio interface is 5Pin,2.0mm pitch pin header
① NEO Plus2 v1.1's audio interface is 4Pin,2.54mm pitch pin header

12 Update Log

12.1 May-30-2017

  • Released English Version