NanoPi M4/zh

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1 介绍

Overview
Front
Back
  • NanoPi M4是基于RK3399 SoC设计的一款尺寸和接口与树莓派B3+兼容的嵌入式开发板。它的尺寸只有85x56mm,接口丰富, 布局紧凑, 非常适合二次开发, 并方便嵌入到最总产品中去。
  • NanoPi M4除了有4个USB3.0 A型主口, 一个千兆以太网口, 一个HDMI 2.0 A型口, 一个3.5mm耳机输出, 和一个Type-C等标准接口外, 还板载2.4G & 5G双频WiFi蓝牙模组, 和丰富的扩展接口,包括双MIPI-CSI, PCIex2, USB2.0, SDIO/MMC, I2C, UART, PWM, GPIO等。
  • NanoPi M4有4GB LPDDR3和2GB DDR3两个版本。支持运行Android 7.1和Lubuntu Desktop两种系统,它们均带有GPU和VPU加速处理。

2 硬件特性

  • 主控芯片: Rockchip RK3399
    • CPU: big.LITTLE大小核架构,双Cortex-A72大核(up to 2.0GHz)+四Cortex-A53小核结构(up to 1.5GHz)
    • GPU: Mali-T864 GPU,支持OpenGL ES1.1/2.0/3.0/3.1, OpenVG1.1, OpenCL, DX11, 支持AFBC(帧缓冲压缩)
    • VPU: 支持4K VP9 and 4K 10bits H265/H264 视频解码,高达60fps, 双VOP显示等视频编解码功能
  • 电源管理单元: RK808-D PMIC, 搭配独立DC/DC, 支持动态调压, 软件关机, 按键开机, RTC唤醒, 睡眠唤醒等功能
  • 内存: 双通道4GB LPDDR3-1866, 或 双通道2GB DDR3-1866
  • Flash: 支持扩展eMMC模块
  • 有线网络: 原生千兆以太网
  • Wi-Fi/蓝牙: 802.11a/b/g/n/ac, Bluetooth 4.1 双频Wi-Fi蓝牙模块, 双天线
  • 视频输入: 1个或2个4线MIPI-CSI, 双ISP像素处理能力高达13MPix/s,支持双路摄像头数据同时输入
  • 视频输出
    • HDMI: HDMI 2.0a, 支持4K@60Hz显示,支持HDCP 1.4/2.2
    • LCD Interface: 一个4线MIPI-DSI
  • Audio Out: 3.5mm 双通道耳机接口, 或者通过HDMI输出
  • Audio In: 2.54mm排针形式(默认不焊)的麦克风接口
  • USB 3.0: 4个USB 3.0 Host A型接口
  • USB Type-C: 支持USB2.0 OTG 和 5V电源输入
  • microSD Slot x 1
  • 40Pin GPIO 扩展接口:
    • 2 X 3V/1.8V I2C, up to 1 x 3V UART, 1 X 3V SPI, 1 x SPDIF_TX, up to 8 x 3V GPIOs
    • 1 x 1.8V 8通道 I2S
  • 24Pin 扩展接口:
    • 2个独立的原生USB 2.0 Host A型接口
    • PCIe x2
    • PWM x1, PowerKey
  • 调试串口: 4 Pin 2.54mm 调试串口, 3V电平, 波特率为1500000
  • LED: 1 x power LED and 1 x GPIO Controled LED
  • RTC电池座子: 2 Pin 1.27/1.25mm RTC备份电池接口
  • 供电电源: DC 5V/3A
  • PCB: 8 Layer, 85 mm x 56 mm
  • 环境工作温度: 0℃ to 80℃

3 接口布局和尺寸

3.1 接口布局

NanoPi M4 Layout
NanoPi M4 Layout
  • 40 Pin GPIO1 引脚定义
Pin# Assignment Pin# Assignment
1 VCC3V3_SYS 2 VDD_5V
3 I2C2_SDA(3V) 4 VDD_5V
5 I2C2_SCL(3V) 6 GND
7 GPIO1_A0(3V) 8 GPIO4_C1/I2C3_SCL(3V)
9 GND 10 GPIO4_C0/I2C3_SDA(3V)
11 GPIO1_A1(3V) 12 GPIO1_C2(3V)
13 GPIO1_A3(3V) 14 GND
15 GPIO1_A4(3V) 16 GPIO1_C6(3V)
17 VCC3V3_SYS 18 GPIO1_C7(3V)
19 SPI1_TXD/UARM4_TX(3V) 20 GND
21 SPI1_RXD/UARM4_RX(3V) 22 GPIO1_D0(3V)
23 SPI1_CLK(3V) 24 SPI1_CSn0(3V)
25 GND 26 GPIO4_C5/SPDIF_TX(3V)
27 I2C2_SDA(1.8V) 28 I2C2_SCL(1.8V)
29 I2S0_LRCK_RX(1.8V) 30 GND
31 I2S0_LRCK_TX(1.8V) 32 I2S_CLK(1.8V)
33 I2S0_SCLK(1.8V) 34 GND
35 I2S0_SDI0(1.8V) 36 I2S0_SDO0(1.8V)
37 I2S0_SDI1SDO3(1.8V) 38 I2S0_SDI2SDO2(1.8V)
39 GND 40 I2S0_SDI3SDO1(1.8V)
  • 24 Pin GPIO2 引脚定义
Pin# Assignment Pin# Assignment
1 VCC5V0_SYS 2 VCC5V0_SYS
3 PCIE_RX1_P 4 PCIE_TX1P
5 PCIE_RX1_N 6 PCIE_TX1N
7 GND 8 GND
9 PCIE_RX0_P 10 PCIE_TX0P
11 PCIE_RX0_N 12 PCIE_TX0N
13 GND 14 GND
15 PCIE_REF_CLKP 16 HOST0_DM
17 PCIE_REF_CLKN 18 HOST0_DP
19 GND 20 GND
21 PWR_KEY 22 HOST1_DM
23 GPIO4_C6/PWM1(3V) 24 HOST1_DP
  • MIPI-CSI接口引脚定义
0.5mm FPC 连接器
MIPI-CSI2也可作为MIPI-DSI接口连接LCD显示屏
Pin# MIPI-CSI1 MIPI-CSI2 Description
1 VCC5V0_SYS VCC5V0_SYS 5V Power ouput
2 VCC5V0_SYS VCC5V0_SYS 5V Power ouput
3 GND GND Return current path
4 VCC_CSI_AF2.8V VCC_CSI_AF2.8V 2.8V Power for VCM
5 VCC_CSI_1.2V VCC_CSI_1.2V 1.2V Power for image sensor core circuit
6 VCC1V8_CAM VCC1V8_CAM 1.8V power for I/O circuit
7 VCC_CSI_2.8V VCC_CSI_2.8V 2.8V power for image sensor analog circuit
8 VCC_CSI_1.0V VCC_CSI_1.0V 1.0V Power for image sensor core circuit
9 I2C1_SCL I2C2_SCL 1.8V I2C clock signal
10 I2C1_SDA I2C2_SDA 1.8V I2C data signal
11 MIPI_CSI0_RST MIPI_CSI1_RST reset camera module
12 MIPI_CSI0_PWN MIPI_CSI1_PWN Power down camera module
13 GND GND Return current path
14 GPIO2_B3_CIF_CLKOUTA GPIO2_B3_CIF_CLKOUTA MCLK to camera module
15 GND GND Return current path
16 MIPI_RX0_D3P MIPI_TX1/RX1_D3P MIPI CSI positive differential data line transceiver output
17 MIPI_RX0_D3N MIPI_TX1/RX1_D3N MIPI CSI negative differential data line transceiver output
18 GND GND Return current path
19 MIPI_RX0_D2P MIPI_TX1/RX1_D2P MIPI CSI positive differential data line transceiver output
20 MIPI_RX0_D2N MIPI_TX1/RX1_D2N MIPI CSI negative differential data line transceiver output
21 GND GND Return current path
22 MIPI_RX0_D1P MIPI_TX1/RX1_D1P MIPI CSI positive differential data line transceiver output
23 MIPI_RX0_D1N MIPI_TX1/RX1_D1N MIPI CSI negative differential data line transceiver output
24 GND GND Return current path
25 MIPI_RX0_CLKP MIPI_TX1/RX1_CLKP MIPI CSI positive differential clock line transceiver output
26 MIPI_RX0_CLKN MIPI_TX1/RX1_CLKN MIPI CSI negative differential clock line transceiver output
27 GND GND Return current path
28 MIPI_RX0_D0P MIPI_TX1/RX1_D0P MIPI CSI positive differential data line transceiver output
29 MIPI_RX0_D0N MIPI_TX1/RX1_D0N MIPI CSI negative differential data line transceiver output
30 GND GND Return current path
  • 调试串口引脚定义
3V电平, 波特率1500000bps
Pin# Assignment Description
1 GND 0V
2 VCC5V0_SYS 5V power output
3 UART2DBG_TX output
4 UART2DBG_RX intput
  • USB接口
USB 3.0 接口具有2A过流保护功能.
  • RTC
我们实测的RTC备份电流为27uA.
连接器型号: Molex 53398-0271
其他说明
  1. 只能从Type-C或40Pin GPIO接口的第2和第4脚给板子供电, 电压范围4.7~5.5V
  2. 板子原理图: NanoPi-M4-2GB-1807-Schematic.pdf NanoPi-M4-4GB-1807-Schematic.pdf

3.2 尺寸

NanoPi M4 Dimensions

PCB dxf文件, 仅供做产品时结构设计使用: NanoPi-M4-1807-Drawing(dxf).zip

4 查看瑞芯微原厂资料

5 原理图、尺寸图

6 更新日志