NanoPi M1 Plus

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Contents

Introduction

Overview
Front
Back
  • The NanoPi M1 Plus is designed and developed by FriendlyElec for professionals, enterprise users, makers and hobbyists. It is only two thirds the size of a Raspberry Pi. FriendlyElec has made a Debian, Ubuntu-Core and Android images ready for it.
  • The NanoPi M1 Plus uses the Allwinner H3 Soc. It integrates Gbps Ethernet, IR receiver, video/audio output, WiFi & Bluetooth, onboard microphone and supports DVP/Camera/HDMI and CVBS. It has a serial debug port. Its GPIO pins are compatible with those of a Raspberry Pi.

Hardware Spec

  • CPU: Allwinner H3, Quad-core Cortex-A7@1.2GHz
  • GPU: Mali400MP2@600MHz,Supports OpenGL ES2.0
  • DDR3 RAM: 1GB
  • eMMC: 8GB
  • Wireless: 802.11 b/g/n
  • Bluetooth: 4.0 dual mode
  • Antenna Interface: Shared by WiFi and Bluetooth, IPX interface
  • Connectivity: 10/100/1000M Ethernet
  • Audio: 3.5mm jack/Via HDMI
  • Microphone: onboard microphone
  • IR: onboard IR receiver
  • USB Host: USB 2.0 x 3, 2 x USB Type A and 1 x 2.54mm pitch pin-header
  • MicroSD Slot: x1
  • MicroUSB: power input and data transmission, OTG
  • Audio Output: HDMI 1.4 1080P, CVBS
  • DVP Camera Interface: 24pin, 0.5mm pitch FPC seat
  • Serial Debug Port: 4Pin, 2.54mm pitch pin-header
  • GPIO: 40pin, 2.54mm pitch pin-header, compatible with RasberryPi 2's GPIO. It contains UART, SPI, I2C, I2S/PCM, SPDIF-OUT and IO
  • User Button: 1 x Power Button and 1 x Reset Button
  • LED: 1 x Power LED and 1 x System Status LED
  • PCB Dimension: 64 x 60 mm, ENIG
  • Power Supply: DC 5V/2A
  • Working Temperature: -30℃ to 80℃
  • OS/Software: u-boot, Debian, Ubuntu-Core, eflasher, Android

Software Features

uboot

  • mainline uboot released on May 2017

UbuntuCore 16.04

  • mainline kernel: Linux-4.11.2
  • rpi-monitor: check system status and information
  • npi-config: system configuration utility for setting passwords, language, timezone, hostname, SSH and auto-login
  • networkmanager: manage network
  • welcome window with basic system information and status
  • auto-login with user account "pi" with access to npi-config
  • supports USB WiFi module: refer to #Test USB WiFi
  • fixed MAC address

Eflasher

  • supports flashing OS image to eMMC

Debian

  • rpi-monitor: check system status and information
  • npi-config: system configuration utility for setting passwords, language, timezone, hostname, SSH and auto-login
  • supports Ethernet
  • supports USB WiFi module: refer to #Test USB WiFi
  • supports FriendlyElec's CAM202 USB camera
  • supports FriendlyElec's CAM500B DVP camera

Debian for NAS Dock

  • supports FriendlyElec's NAS Dock

Android

  • supports Ethernet
  • supports WiFi

Diagram, Layout and Dimension

Layout

NanoPi M1 Plus Layout
  • GPIO Pin Description
Pin# Name Linux gpio Pin# Name Linux gpio
1 SYS_3.3V 2 VDD_5V
3 I2C0_SDA/GPIOA12 4 VDD_5V
5 I2C0_SCL/GPIOA11 6 GND
7 GPIOG11 203 8 UART1_TX/GPIOG6 198
9 GND 10 UART1_RX/GPIOG7 199
11 UART2_TX/GPIOA0 0 12 GPIOA6 6
13 UART2_RTS/GPIOA2 2 14 GND
15 UART2_CTS/GPIOA3 3 16 UART1_RTS/GPIOG8 200
17 SYS_3.3V 18 UART1_CTS/GPIOG9 201
19 SPI0_MOSI/GPIOC0 64 20 GND
21 SPI0_MISO/GPIOC1 65 22 UART2_RX/GPIOA1 1
23 SPI0_CLK/GPIOC2 66 24 SPI0_CS/GPIOC3 67
25 GND 26 SPDIF-OUT/GPIOA17 17
27 I2C1_SDA/GPIOA19/PCM0_CLK/I2S0_BCK 19 28 I2C1_SCL/GPIOA18/PCM0_SYNC/I2S0_LRCK 18
29 GPIOA20/PCM0_DOUT/I2S0_SDOUT 20 30 GND
31 GPIOA21/PCM0_DIN/I2S0_SDIN 21 32 NC
33 NC 34 GND
35 NC 36 NC
37 GPIOA9 9 38 NC
39 GND 40 NC
  • Debug Port(UART0)
Pin# Name
1 GND
2 VDD_5V
3 UART_TXD0/GPIOA4
4 UART_RXD0/GPIOA5/PWM0
  • USB Pin Header
Pin# Name
1 5V
2 DM
3 DP
4 GND
  • DVP Camera Interface Pin Description
Pin# Name Description
1, 2 SYS_3.3V 3.3V Output, it can be used to power camera modules
7,9,13,15,24 GND Ground, 0V
3 I2C2_SCL I2C clock signal
4 I2C2_SDA I2C data signal
5 GPIOE15 regular GPIO, used to control connected camera modules
6 GPIOE14 regular GPIO, used to control connected camera modules
8 MCLK Clock signals output to camera modules
10 NC Not connected
11 VSYNC vertical synchronization
12 HREF/HSYNC horizontal synchronization
14 PCLK peripheral clock
16-23 Data bit7-0 data bits
Notes
  1. SYS_3.3V: 3.3V power output
  2. VDD_5V: 5V power output5V. When the external device’s power is greater than the MicroUSB’s the external device is charging the board otherwise the board powers the external device.The input range is 4.7V ~ 5.6V
  3. All pins are 3.3V, output current is 5mA
  4. For more details refer to the document:NanoPi-M1-Plus-1702-Schematic.pdf

Board Dimension

NanoPi-M1-Plus-1702-Drawing.jpg

For more details please refer to the document:pcb in dxf format

Get Started

Essentials You Need

Before starting to use your NanoPi M1 Plus get the following items ready

  • NanoPi M1 Plus
  • MicroSD Card/TF Card: Class 10 or Above, minimum 8GB SDHC
  • A DC 5V/2A power is a must
  • HDMI monitor
  • USB keyboard, mouse and possible a USB hub(or a TTL to serial board)
  • A host computer running Ubuntu 14.04 64 bit system

TF Cards We Tested

To make your NanoPi M1 Plus boot and run fast we highly recommend you use a Class10 8GB SDHC TF card or a better one. The following cards are what we used in all our test cases presented here:

  • SanDisk TF 8G Class10 Micro/SD TF card:

SanDisk MicroSD 8G

  • SanDisk TF128G MicroSDXC TF 128G Class10 48MB/S:

SanDisk MicroSD 128G

  • 川宇 8G C10 High Speed class10 micro SD card:

chuanyu MicroSD 8G

Make an Installation TF Card

Download Image Files

Get the following files from here download link to download image files (under the "officail-ROMs" diirectory) and the flashing utility (under the "tools" diirectory):

Image Files:
nanopi-m1-plus_ubuntu-core-xenial_3.4.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip Ubuntu-Core with Qt-Embedded, kernel:Linux-3.4.y
nanopi-m1-plus_ubuntu-core-xenial_4.x.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip Ubuntu-Core with Qt-Embedded, kernel:Linux-4.x.y
nanopi-m1-plus_debian-jessie_3.4.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip Debian-Desktop, kernel:Linux-3.4.y
nanopi-m1-plus_debian-jessie_4.x.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip Debian-Desktop, kernel:Linux-4.x.y
nanopi-m1-plus_eflasher_3.4.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip eflasher image, kernel:Linux-3.x.y
nanopi-m1-plus_eflasher_4.x.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip eflasher image, kernel:Linux-4.x.y
nanopi-m1-plus_android_YYYYMMDD.img.zip Android, kernel:Linux-3.4.y
Flash Utility:
win32diskimager.rar Windows utility. Under Linux users can use "dd"
PhoenixCard_V310.rar Windows utility for flashing Android image. Attention: the "dd" command under Linux doesn't work for flashing Android image
HDDLLF.4.40.exe Windows utility for formatting a TF card

Comparison of Linux-3.4.y and Linux-4.x.y

  • Our Linux-3.4.y is provided by Allwinner. Allwinner has done a lot of customization work which on one hand contains many features and functions but on the other hand incurs overheat issues;
  • Our Linux-4.x.y is updated very often. We will keep this kernel with the latest one released by Linus Torvalds. This kernel doesn't generate heat that much and if you don't need to use VPU or GPU you can try this kernel;

Here is a comparison table:
M1-plus-3x-4x.png

TF Card Systems

Make Debian/Ubuntu Image Card
  • Extract the nanopi-m1-plus_debian-jessie_3.4.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip and win32diskimager.rar files. Insert a TF card(at least 8G) into a Windows PC and run the win32diskimager utility as administrator. On the utility's main window select your TF card's drive, the wanted image file and click on "write" to start flashing the TF card.
  • Insert this card into your NanoPi M1 Plus' BOOT slot and power on (with a 5V/2A power source). If the green LED is on and the blue LED is blinking this indicates your NanoPi M1 Plus has successfully booted.
Make Android Image Card

Note:before make a MicroSD card to an Android image card you need to format this card.

  • On a Windows PC run the HDDLLF.4.40 utility as administrator. Insert a TF card(at least 8G) into this PC and format it. After formatting is done take out the TF card, insert it into the PC again and format it with Windows internal format utility to format it to FAT32. After this formatting is done take out the card.
  • Extract the the Android image file and PhoenixCard_V310.rar . Insert the TF card you made in the previous step into a Windows PC and run the PhoenixCard_V310 utility as administrator. On the utility's main window select your TF card's drive, the wanted image file and click on "write" to start flashing the TF card.
  • Insert this card into your NanoPi M1 Plus' BOOT slot and power on (with a 5V/2A power source). If the green LED is on and the blue LED is blinking this indicates your NanoPi M1 Plus has successfully booted.

Flash image to eMMC with eflasher

  • Extract the nanopi-m1-plus_eflasher_3.4.y_YYYYMMDD.img.zip and win32diskimager.rar files. Insert a TF card(at least 4G) into a Windows PC and run the win32diskimager utility as administrator. On the utility's main window select your TF card's drive, the wanted image file and click on "write" to start flashing the TF card.
  • Insert this card into your NanoPi M1 Plus' BOOT slot and power on (with a 5V/2A power source). If the green LED is on and the blue LED is blinking this indicates your NanoPi M1 Plus has successfully booted.
  • Connect the board to an HDMI monitor or an LCD and a USB mouse, and select an OS to start installation.

eflasher
If no monitor is connected you can select an OS by running the following command:

$ eflasher

Type a number and enter to select an OS, then type "yes" and enter to start installation:
eflasher-console
After installation is done shutdown the system, take out the TF card, power on your board again and it will boot from eMMC.

Work with Debian

Run Debian

  • Insert a TF card with Debian image into your NanoPi M1 Plus, connect the it to an HDMI monitor and a 5V/2A power it will be automatically powered on. If you can see the blue LED flashing it means your board is working and you will see Debain being loaded on the HDMI monitor.

1) If you connect your NanoPi M1 Plus to an HDMI monitor you need to use a USB mouse and a USB keyboard to operate.
2) If you want to do kernel development you need to use a serial communication board, ie a PSU-ONECOM board, which will allow you to operate the board via a serial terminal.

  • Here is a setup where we connect a NanoPi M1 Plus to a PC via the PSU-ONECOM and you can power on your M1 Plus from either the PSU-ONECOM or its MicroUSB:

PSU-ONECOM-NanoPI-M1-Plus

  • The password for both "root" and "fa" is "fa". All the commands we tested in this section were executed under "root"
  • Update packages
$ apt-get update

Extend TF Card's rootfs Section

When you boot OS for the first time with your image card your OS will automatically resize the file system and this process takes a relatively long time.After your OS is fully loaded you can check the file system's size by using the following command:

$ df -h

Ethernet Connection

If the NanoPi M1 Plus is connected to a network via Ethernet before it is powered on it will automatically obtain an IP after it is powered up. If it is not connected via Ethernet or its DHCP is not activated obtaining an IP will fail and system will hang on for about 15 to 60 seconds. Run the following command to check its MAC address:

$ dhclient eth0

Wireless Connection

Open the file "/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf" with vi or gedit and append the following lines:

network={
        ssid="YourWiFiESSID"
        psk="YourWiFiPassword"
}

The "YourWiFiESSID" and "YourWiFiPassword" need to be replaced with your actual ESSID and password.
Save, exit and run the following commands your board will be connected to your specified WiFi:

$ ifdown wlan0
$ ifup wlan0

If your WiFi password has special characters or you don't want your password saved as plain text you can use "wpa_passphrase" to generate a psk for your WiFi password. Here is how you can do it:

$ wpa_passphrase YourWiFiESSID

Following the prompt type in your password. If you open the file "/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf" you will find that your password has been updated and you can delete your clear-text password.

You can run the following commands to switch your board's AP6212 WiFi mode to AP :

$ turn-wifi-into-apmode yes
Enter wireless name [default: friendlyelec-wifiap]:
Enter password [default: 123456789]:
Configuration Saved!
 
Please connect your computer to the wireless network:
Wireless Name: friendlyelec-wifiap
     Password: 123456789
done.

Exit AP mode:

$ turn-wifi-into-apmode no

Login to OS via VNC and SSH

If your NanoPi M1 Plus is not connected to a display device you can login to your NanoPi M1 Plus from a mobile phone or PC. You need to download and install a "VNC Viewer" from here and login to the NanoPi M1 Plus via VNC at port 1. Its default password is "fa123456".
Here is a screenshot which shows how it looks like when users login to a NanoPi M1 Plus from an iPhone via VNC:
VNC to NanoPi2
If you don't want connect your board to HDMI or a serial board you can log into your board via SSH. If your M1 Plus' IP address is 192.168.1.230 you can run the following command to log in:

$ ssh root@192.168.1.230

The password is fa.

HDMI Audio Output

Note:this function is only supported in Linux-3.4.y
Our system's default audio output is the 3.5mm audio jack. You can turn on the HDMI audio by editing the /etc/asound.conf file:

pcm.!default {
    type hw
    card 1
    device 0
}
 
ctl.!default {
    type hw
    card 1
}

card 0 points to the 3.5mm audio jack and card 1 points to the HDMI audio. You need to save your changes and reboot your system to make your changes take effect.

Test GPU

Note:this function is only supported in Linux-3.4.y
Connect your board to an HDMI monitor and After OS is booted login and run the following command: After Debian loads please login from a terminal and run "glmark2-es2":

$ glmark2-es2

m1-gpu-glmark2

Test VPU

Note:this function is only supported in Linux-3.4.y
Visit this link download link to download the test files under the "test-video" directory
After OS is loaded login from a terminal and run the following commands:

$ apt-get install mpv
$ video_play mpv ./big_buck_bunny_1080p_H264_AAC_25fps_7200K.MP4

In our test it could do hard coding and play 1080P video fluently.

Test USB WiFi

Our system has support for popular USB WiFi drivers. Many USB WiFi modules are plug and play with our system. Here is a list of models we tested;

Number Model
1 RTL8188CUS 802.11n WLAN Adapter
2 RT2070 Wireless Adapter
3 RT2870/RT3070 Wireless Adapter
4 RTL8192CU Wireless Adapter
5 mi WiFi mt7601

If you NanoPi M1 Plus is connected to a USB WiFi and is powered up you can log into M1 Plus and run the following command to check if the USB WiFi is recognized. If "wlan" is listed it indicates your USB WiFi has been recognized:

$ ifconfig -a

We assume the USB WiFi's node is wlan1.
Open the /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf file and append the following lines:

network={
        ssid="YourWiFiESSID"
        psk="YourWiFiPassword"
}

The "YourWiFiESSID" and "YourWiFiPassword" need to be replaced with your actual ESSID and password.

Append the following lines in the "/etc/network/interfaces" file:

allow-hotplug wlan1
iface wlan1 inet dhcp
        wpa-conf /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

By running the following commands you will be able to connect your board to a WiFi router:

$ ifdown wlan1
$ ifup wlan1

If your WiFi password has special characters or you don't want your password saved as plain text you can use "wpa_passphrase" to generate a psk for your WiFi password. Here is how you can do it:

$ wpa_passphrase YourWiFiESSID

Following the prompt type in your password and you will get a new password in the /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf file. Now you can replace the existing password in the wlan0 file with the new one.

Connect NanoPi M1 Plus to DVP Camera CAM500B

Note:this function is only supported in Linux-3.4.y
The CAM500B camera module is a 5M-pixel camera with DVP interface. For more tech details about it you can refer to Matrix - CAM500B.
NanoPi-M1-Plus-cam500a
Follow the hardware setup presented in the above picture to connect your NanoPi M1 Plus to a CAM500B. Then boot OS on your M1 Plus, connect your M1 Plus to a network, log into the board as root and run "mjpg-streamer":

$ cd /root/mjpg-streamer
$ make
$ ./start.sh

The mjpg-streamer application is an open source video steam server. After it is successfully started the following messages will be popped up:

 
 i: Using V4L2 device.: /dev/video0
 i: Desired Resolution: 1280 x 720
 i: Frames Per Second.: 30
 i: Format............: YUV
 i: JPEG Quality......: 90
 o: www-folder-path...: ./www/
 o: HTTP TCP port.....: 8080
 o: username:password.: disabled
 o: commands..........: enabled

In our case the M1 Plus' IP address was 192.168.1.230. We typed 192.168.1.230:8080 in a browser and were able to view the images taken from the camera's. Here is what you would expect to observe:
mjpg-streamer-cam500a
The mjpg-streamer soft-encodes data with libjpeg and you can hard-encode (note:this function is only supported in Linux-3.4.y) its data with ffmpeg which will greatly increase CPU's efficiency and speed up data encoding:

$ ffmpeg -t 30 -f v4l2 -channel 0 -video_size 1280x720 -i /dev/video0 -pix_fmt nv12 -r 30 \
        -b:v 64k -c:v cedrus264 test.mp4

By default it records a 30-second video. Typing "q" stops video recording. After recording is stopped a test.mp4 file will be generated.

Connect NanoPi M1 Plus to USB Camera(FA-CAM202)

The FA-CAM202 is a 200M USB camera.
Refer to this link for more details on how to connect a M1 Plus to a FA-CAM202. The hardware setup is the same as connecting a M1 Plus to a CAM500B: Connect NanoPi M1 Plus to DVP Camera CAM500B

Use OpenCV to Access Camera

  • The full name of "OpenCV" is Open Source Computer Vision Library and it is a cross platform vision library.
  • Make sure your NanoPi M1 is connected to the internet and an HDMI monitor. Boot OS on the NanoPi M1 and login
  • Install OpenCV libraries:
$ apt-get update
$ apt-get install libcv-dev libopencv-dev
  • Refer to the instructions in the previous sections to make sure the camera works
  • Compile and run a code sample(Official Code Sample in C++ provided by the OpenCV organization):
$ cd /home/fa/Documents/opencv-demo
$ make
$ ./demo

Here is what you expect to observe:
OpenCV-M1 Plus

Check CPU's Working Temperature

You can use the following command to read H3's temperature and frequency

$ cpu_freq

Check System Information with Rpi-Monitor

Our OS contains the Rpi-Monitor utility with which users can check system information and status.
In our case our NanoPi M1 Plus's IP was 192.168.1.230 and we typed the following IP in a browser:

192.168.1.230:8888

We were directed to the following page:
rpi-monitor
Users can easily check these system information and status.

Work with Ubuntu-Core with Qt-Embedded

Run Ubuntu-Core with Qt-Embedded

  • Insert a MicroSD card with Ubuntu-Core image into your M1 Plus, connect the NanoPi M1 Plus to a 5V/2A power source the NanoPi M1 Plus will be automatically powered on. If you can see the blue LED flashing it means your board is working.

m1-plus-login
1)If your board outputs to an HDMI monitor you can connect a USB mouse and keyboard to your board to operate it.
2)If you want to do kernel development you need to use a serial communication board, ie a PSU-ONECOM board, which will allow you to operate the board via a serial terminal.

  • Here is a setup where we connect a NanoPi M1 Plus to a PC via the PSU-ONECOM and you can power on your board from either the PSU-ONECOM or its MicroUSB:

PSU-ONECOM-NanoPI-M1-Plus

  • The password for "root" is "fa". All the commands were executed under "root" in this section.
  • Update packages:
$ apt-get update

Extend TF Card's rootfs Section

When you boot OS for the first time with your image card your OS will automatically resize the file system and this process takes a relatively long time.After your OS is fully loaded you can check the file system's size by using the following command:

$ df -h

Ethernet Connection

If the NanoPi M1 Plus is connected to a network via Ethernet before it is powered on it will automatically obtain an IP after it is powered up. If it is not connected via Ethernet or its DHCP is not activated obtaining an IP will fail and system will hang on for about 15 to 60 seconds. You can get its IP address by running the following command:

$ dhclient eth0

Wireless Connection

FriendlyElec integrates utility: NetworkManager in Ubuntu to manage network. You can command "nmcli" to start this utility. Here is how to start WiFi:

  • List network devices
$ nmcli dev
DEVICE  TYPE      STATE         CONNECTION         
eth0    ethernet  connected     Wired connection 1 
wlan0   wifi      disconnected  --                                  
lo      loopback  unmanaged     --

Note: if a network device's status is "unmanaged" it means that device is not accessed by the NetworkManager and you need to clear the settings in " /etc/network/interfaces" and reboot your board.

  • Start WiFi
$ nmcli r wifi on
  • Scan Nearby WiFi Hotspots
$ nmcli dev wifi
  • Connect to a WiFi Hotspot
$ nmcli dev wifi connect "SSID" password "PASSWORD"

The "SSID" and "Password" need to be replaced with your actual SSID and password.
If a connection is successfully established your board will be automatically connected to your specified WiFi on system reboot.

For more details about the NetworkManager refer to this article:NetworkManager

Login via SSH

You can log into the board via SSH. In our test the IP address detected by our router was 192.168.1.230 and we ran the following command to log into the NanoPi M1 Plus:

$ ssh root@192.168.1.230

The password is fa

HDMI Audio Output

Note:this function is only supported in Linux-3.4.y
Our system's default audio output is the 3.5mm audio jack. You can turn on the HDMI audio by editing the /etc/asound.conf file:

pcm.!default {
    type hw
    card 1
    device 0
}
 
ctl.!default {
    type hw
    card 1
}

card 0 points to the 3.5mm audio jack and card 1 points to the HDMI audio. You need to save your changes and reboot your system to make your changes take effect.

Test USB WiFi

Our system has support for popular USB WiFi drivers. Many USB WiFi modules are plug and play with our system. Here is a list of models we tested;

Number Model
1 RTL8188CUS 802.11n WLAN Adapter
2 RT2070 Wireless Adapter
3 RT2870/RT3070 Wireless Adapter
4 RTL8192CU Wireless Adapter
5 mi WiFi mt7601

If you NanoPi M1 Plus is connected to a USB WiFi and is powered up you can log into M1 Plus and run the following command to check if the USB WiFi is recognized. If "wlan" is listed it indicates your USB WiFi has been recognized:

$ nmcli dev
DEVICE  TYPE      STATE         CONNECTION         
eth0    ethernet  connected     Wired connection 1 
wlan0   wifi      disconnected  --                 
wlan1   wifi      disconnected  --                 
lo      loopback  unmanaged     --

For more details refer to:Test USB WiFi

Connect NanoPi M1 Plus to DVP Camera(CAM500B)

Note:this function is only supported in Linux-3.4.y.
The CAM500B camera module is a 5M-pixel camera with DVP interface. For more tech details about it you can refer to Matrix - CAM500B.
NanoPi-M1-Plus-cam500a
Boot your NanoPi M1 Plus, connect it to a network, log into the board as root and run "mjpg-streamer":

$ cd /root/mjpg-streamer
$ make
$ ./start.sh

The mjpg-streamer application is an open source video steam server. After it is successfully started the following messages will be popped up:

 
 i: Using V4L2 device.: /dev/video0
 i: Desired Resolution: 1280 x 720
 i: Frames Per Second.: 30
 i: Format............: YUV
 i: JPEG Quality......: 90
 o: www-folder-path...: ./www/
 o: HTTP TCP port.....: 8080
 o: username:password.: disabled
 o: commands..........: enabled

In our case the M1 Plus' IP address was 192.168.1.230. We typed 192.168.1.230:8080 in a browser and were able to view the images taken from the camera's. Here is what you would expect to observe:
mjpg-streamer-cam500a
The mjpg-streamer soft-encodes data with libjpeg and you can hard-encode(note:this function is supported only in Linux-3.4.y) its data with ffmpeg which will greatly increase CPU's efficiency and speed up data encoding:

$ ffmpeg -t 30 -f v4l2 -channel 0 -video_size 1280x720 -i /dev/video0 -pix_fmt nv12 -r 30 -b:v 64k -c:v cedrus264 test.mp4

By default it records a 30-second video. Typing "q" stops video recording. After recording is stopped a test.mp4 file will be generated.

Connect NanoPi M1 Plus to USB Camera(FA-CAM202)

The FA-CAM202 is a 200M USB camera.
Refer to this link for more details on how to connect a M1 Plus to a FA-CAM202. The hardware setup is the same as connecting a M1 Plus to a CAM500B: Connect NanoPi M1 Plus to DVP Camera(CAM500B)

Check CPU's Working Temperature

You can use the following command to read H3's temperature and frequency

$ cpu_freq

Check System Information with Rpi-Monitor

Our OS contains the Rpi-Monitor utility with which users can check system information and status.
In our case our NanoPi M1 Plus' IP was 192.168.1.230 and we typed the following IP in a browser:

192.168.1.230:8888

We were directed to the following page:
rpi-monitor
Users can easily check these system information and status.

Work with npi-config Utility

The npi-config is a system configuration utility for setting passwords, language, timezone, hostname, SSH and auto-login,and enabling/disabling i2c, spi, serial and PWM. You can start this utillity by running the following command:

$ npi-config

Here is the npi-config's main window:
npi-config
For more details refer to:npi-config

Make Your Own Debian/Ubuntu

Use Mainline BSP

The NanoPi M1 Plus has gotten support for kernel Linux-4.x.y. For more details about how to use mainline u-boot and Linux-4.x.y refer to :Mainline U-boot & Linux

Use Allwinner's BSP

Preparations

Visit this link [1] and enter the "sources/nanopi-H3-bsp" directory and download all the source code.Use the 7-zip utility to extract it and a lichee directory and an Android directory will be generated.You can check that by running the following command:

$ ls ./
android lichee

Or you can get it from our github:

$ git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/h3_lichee.git lichee

Note: "lichee" is the project name named by Allwinner for its CPU's source code which contains the source code of U-boot, Linux kernel and various scripts.

Install Cross Compiler

Visit this site download link, enter the "toolchain" directory, download the cross compiler "gcc-linaro-arm.tar.xz" and copy it to the "lichee/brandy/toochain/" directory.

Compile lichee Source Code

Compilation of the H3's BSP source code must be done under a PC running a 64-bit Linux.The following cases were tested on Ubuntu-14.04 LTS-64bit:

$ sudo apt-get install gawk git gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential \
zip curl libc6-dev libncurses5-dev:i386 x11proto-core-dev \
libx11-dev:i386 libreadline6-dev:i386 libgl1-mesa-glx:i386 \
libgl1-mesa-dev g++-multilib mingw32 tofrodos \
python-markdown libxml2-utils xsltproc zlib1g-dev:i386

Enter the lichee directory and run the following command to compile the whole package:

$ cd lichee
$ ./build.sh -p sun8iw7p1 -b nanopi-h3

After this compilation succeeds a u-boot, Linux kernel and kernel modules will be generated
Note: the lichee directory contains a cross-compiler we have setup. When you compile the source code it will automatically call this cross-compiler.


Compile U-boot

Note:you need to compile the whole lichee directory before you can compile U-boot individually.
You can run the following commands to compile U-boot:

$ cd lichee/fa_tools/
$ ./build.sh -b nanopi-m1-plus -p linux -t u-boot

The gen_script.sh script patches the U-boot with Allwinner features. A U-boot without these features cannot work.
Type the following command to update the U-boot on the MicroSD card:

$ cd lichee/fa_tools/
$ ./fuse.sh -d /dev/sdX -p linux -t u-boot

Note: you need to replace "/dev/sdx" with the device name in your system.

Compile Linux Kernel

Note:you need to compile the whole lichee directory before you can compile Linux kernel individually.
If you want to compile the Linux kernel run the following command:

$ cd lichee/fa_tools/
$ ./build.sh -b nanopi-m1-plus -p linux -t kernel

After the compilation is done a boot.img and its kernel modules will be generated under "linux-3.4/output".

Clean Source Code

$ cd lichee/fa_tools/
$ ./build.sh -b nanopi-m1-plus -p linux -t clean

Applications under Android

IR Controller(RC-100)

You can use FriendlyARM's IR controller(RC-100) to navigate the Android system.
Here is a list of the function keys on the RC-100 IR controller

Key Function
POWER On/Off
F1 Search
F2 Open Browser
F3 Enable/Disable Mouse
UP Move Up
DOWN Move Down
LEFT Move Left
RIGHT Move Right
OK OK
Volume- Turn Down Volume
Mute Mute
Volume+ Turn Up Volume
SETTING Go to Setting Window
HOME Go to Home Window
BACK Go Back to the Previous Window

After Android is loaded for the first time you need to follow the prompts on Android's GUI to enter the main window and then press F3 to enable mouse and complete the setup process by navigating "up", "down", "left", "right" and "OK".

Play 4K Video

Visit this the test-video directory of this link download link and download the 4K video file: 4K-Chimei-inn-60mbps.mp4 and copy it to an SD card or USB drive.
Boot Android on your M1 Plus and insert this SD card or USB drive to it. After locate the 4K video file with ESFileExplorer click on and play it with Android's Gallery player.
In our test playing this 4K video file from a USB drive worked better.

Make Your Own Android

Preparations

Visit this download link and enter the "sources/nanopi-H3-bsp" directory and download all the source code.Use the 7-zip utility to extract it and a lichee directory and an Android directory will be generated.You can check that by running the following command:

$ ls ./
android lichee

Or you can get it from our github:

$ git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/h3_lichee.git lichee

Note: "lichee" is the project name named by Allwinner for its CPU's source code which contains the source code of U-boot, Linux kernel and various scripts.

Compilation of the H3's BSP source code must be done under a PC running a 64-bit Linux.The following cases were tested on Ubuntu-14.04 LTS-64bit:

$ sudo apt-get install gawk git gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential \
zip curl libc6-dev libncurses5-dev:i386 x11proto-core-dev \
libx11-dev:i386 libreadline6-dev:i386 libgl1-mesa-glx:i386 \
libgl1-mesa-dev g++-multilib mingw32 tofrodos \
python-markdown libxml2-utils xsltproc zlib1g-dev:i386

Install Cross Compiler

Visit this site download link, enter the "toolchain" directory, download the cross compiler "gcc-linaro-arm.tar.xz" and copy it to the "lichee/brandy/toochain/" directory.

Compile Android Source Code

Attention: before you start to compile the Android system you must compile the lichee.

  • Setup Compiler

Run the following commands on a host PC running 64-bit Ubuntu-14.04 LTS-64bit:

$ sudo apt-get install bison g++-multilib git gperf libxml2-utils make python-networkx zip flex libncurses5-dev zlib1g-dev gawk minicom

For more details refer to :android_initializing

  • Install JDK

We used the JDK1.6.0_45. You can get it from Oracle: Oracle JDK . In our test we installed it in the /usr/lib/jvm/ directory.

  • Compile System
$ cd lichee/fa_tools/
$ ./build.sh -b nanopi-m1-plus -p android -t all
$ cd ../../android
$ export PATH=/usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.6.0_45/bin:$PATH
$ ./build.sh -b nanopi-m1-plus

After the above commands are finished an Android image "sun8iw7p1_android_nanopi-m1-plus_uart0.img" will be generated under the "lichee/tools/pack/" directory.

Clean Source Code

$ cd lichee/fa_tools/
$ ./build.sh -b nanopi-m1-plus -p android -t clean

More OS Support

3D Housing Printing Files

  • NanoPi M1 Plus 3D housing printing files:[2]

Resources

Update Log

March-1-2017

  • Released English Version

May-24-2017

  • Added section 3: software features

June-4-2017

  • Updated section 3: added OS features

June-13-2017

  • Added section 7: working with UbuntuCore