How to Build, Install and Setting Qt Application

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1 Qt Versions

Qt has various versions for various platforms. Each Qt version has its own features and here a list of versions:

CPU Qt Version Display Driver OpenGL QtWebEngine Capacitive Touch ARM Board
S5P4418 Qt 5.9.1 EGLFS Yes Yes Multiple-point touch NanoPi S2/NanoPi M2A/NanoPi Fire2/NanoPC T2/Smart4418
S5P6818 Qt 5.9.1 EGLFS Yes Yes Multiple-point touch NanoPi M3/NanoPi Fire3/NanoPC T3
Allwinner H3 Qt 4.8.6 LinuxFB No No Single-point touch NanoPi-Duo/NanoPi-M1-Plus/NanoPi-M1/NanoPi-NEO-Air/NanoPi-NEO-Core/NanoPi-NEO
Allwinner H5 Qt 4.8.6 LinuxFB No No Single-point touch NanoPi-M1-Plus2/NanoPi-NEO-Core2/NanoPi-NEO-Plus2/NanoPi-NEO2
Amlogic S905 Qt 5.9.1 LinuxFB No No Single-point touch NanoPi-K2

2 Install Cross Compiler for Qt

(Note: we suggest users use a host PC running a 64-bit Ubuntu 16.04)
Here is a list of cross compilers for various CPUs and ARM boards:

CPU Qt Version Compiler & QtSDK
S5P4418 Qt 5.9.1 download link
S5P6818 Qt 5.9.1 download link
Allwinner H3 Qt 4.8.6 download link
Allwinner H5 Qt 4.8.6 download link
Amlogic S905 Qt 5.9.1 download link

Install a cross compiler by running the following commands:

chmod 755 ./install.sh
sudo ./install.sh

3 Cross Compile Qt Program

下面以下载并编译一个 QtE-Demo 为例,分别说明在各个平台编译一个 Qt应用程序的步骤:

3.1 S5P4418平台的编译

git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/QtE-Demo
mkdir build && cd build
/usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-5.9.1-nexell32/bin/qmake ../QtE-Demo/QtE-Demo.pro
make

3.2 S5P6818平台的编译

git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/QtE-Demo
mkdir build && cd build
/usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-5.9.1-nexell64/bin/qmake ../QtE-Demo/QtE-Demo.pro
make

3.3 Allwinner H3平台的编译

export PATH=/opt/FriendlyARM/toolschain/4.9.3/bin/:$PATH
git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/QtE-Demo
mkdir build && cd build
/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.8.6-arm/bin/qmake ../QtE-Demo/QtE-Demo-Qt4.pro
make

3.4 Allwinner H5平台的编译

export PATH=/opt/FriendlyARM/toolschain/a64-32bit-tootchain/bin/:$PATH
git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/QtE-Demo
mkdir build && cd build
/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.8.6-arm-a64/bin/qmake ../QtE-Demo/QtE-Demo-Qt4.pro
make

3.5 Amlogic S905平台的编译

export PATH=/opt/FriendlyARM/toolschain/a64-32bit-tootchain/bin/:$PATH
git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/QtE-Demo
mkdir build && cd build
/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-5.9.1-arch64/bin/qmake ../QtE-Demo/QtE-Demo.pro
make

4 在开发板上运行Qt程序

运行Qt程序之前,需要先设置环境变量,在开发板上执行以下命令即可:

Qt5,使用 setqt5env:

. /usr/bin/setqt5env

Qt4,使用 setqt4env:

. /usr/bin/setqt4env

例如运行上一章节编译的QtE-Demo:

./QtE-Demo -qws

5 开机自动运行Qt程序

以运行上一章节中的 QtE-Demo 程序为例,假设它放在 /root 目录,则你可以编辑 /etc/rc.local 文件,确否有以下内容:

. /usr/bin/setqt5env
/root/QtE-Demo -qws&

如果是 Qt4,请将setqt5env改为setqt4env。

6 屏幕旋转

根据你所用开发板的CPU型号,点击下表中的链接,下载链接内的所有文件到本地:

CPU名称 Qt版本 屏幕旋转方法
S5P4418 Qt 5.9.1 export ROTATION=-90
. setqt5env
./YourApp

可设置角度值为: 0, 90, 180, -90
S5P6818 Qt 5.9.1 export ROTATION=-90
. setqt5env
./YourApp

可设置角度值为: 0, 90, 180, -90
Allwinner H3 Qt 4.8.6 . setqt4env
export QWS_DISPLAY='Transformed:Rot90'
./YourApp

可设置角度值为: 0, 90, 180, 270
Allwinner H5 Qt 4.8.6 . setqt4env
export QWS_DISPLAY='Transformed:Rot90'
./YourApp

可设置角度值为: 0, 90, 180, 270
Amlogic S905 Qt 5.9.1 . setqt5env
export QT_QPA_PLATFORM=linuxfb:fb=/dev/fb0:rotation=90
./YourApp

可设置角度值为: 0, 90, 180, 270