Matrix - Potentiometer

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Introduction

Potentiometer
  • The Matrix-Potentiometer module is a Potentiometer module. It can be used in audio control, motion control, transducers, computation and etc.
  • 3 Pin 2.54mm spacing pin header, V is supply voltage, G is ground and S is output analog signal. Users can convert output analog signals to digital signals via ADC conversion.
  • Output Voltage: 0 ~ Vcc

Features

  • GPIO
  • Small
  • 2.54mm spacing pin header
  • PCB Dimension(mm): 8 x 24

Potentiometer_PCB

  • Pin Description:
Pin Description
S Analog GPIO
V Supply Voltage 5V
G Ground

Basic Device Operation

  • A potentiometer is a three-terminal resistor with a sliding or rotating contact that forms an adjustable voltage divider.If only two terminals are used, one end and the wiper, it acts as a variable resistor or rheostat.
  • This module mainly contains a potentiometer where the resistance changes with changes between the contact and one end terminal.


Applications

The Matrix-Potentiometer module outputs analog signals which can be converted to digital signals through an ADC converter e.g. the Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter module.
For more details about the Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter module refer to wiki:Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter

Connect to NanoPi M1

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPi M1:
Matrix-Potentiometer_nanopi_m1

Connection Details:

Matrix-Potentiometer
GND NanoPi M1 Pin9
5V NanoPi M1 Pin2
S Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter A0

Connect to NanoPi 2

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPi 2:
Matrix-Potentiometer

Connection Details:

Matrix-Potentiometer
GND NanoPi 2 Pin9
5V NanoPi 2 Pin2
S Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter A0

Connect to NanoPi M2 / NanoPi 2 Fire

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPi M2/ NanoPi 2 Fire.
Matrix-Potentiometer_nanopi_m2

Connection Details:

Matrix-Potentiometer
GND NanoPi M2 Pin9
5V NanoPi M2 Pin2
S Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter A0

Connect to NanoPC-T2

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPC-T2:
Matrix-Potentiometer_NanoPC-T2

Connection Details:

Matrix-Potentiometer
GND NanoPC-T2 USB Host GND
5V NanoPC-T2 USB Host 5V
S Matrix-Analog_to_Digital_Converter A0

Compile & Run Test Program

Boot your ARM board with Debian and copy the matrix code:

$ apt-get update && apt-get install git
$ git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/matrix.git

If your cloning is done successfully a "matrix" directory will be generated.

Compile and install Matrix:

$ cd matrix
$ make && make install

Run test program:

$ matrix-adc

Note: this module is not plug and play therefore before running the module please make sure it is connected to an ARM board.
Here is what you should observe:

The channel0 value is 2460

Code Sample

This Matrix code sample can work with all the ARM boards mentioned in this module's wiki. The name of this code sample is "matrix-analog_to_digital_converter". Here is its source code:

int main(int argc, char ** argv)
{
    int i = 0;
    int value = 0;
    int channel = 0;
 
    if (boardInit() < 0) {
        printf("Fail to init board\n");
        return -1;
    }
 
    if (argc == 2)
        channel = atoi(argv[1]);
    system("modprobe "DRIVER_MODULE);
    signal(SIGINT, intHandler);
    for (i=0; i<ADC_READ_TIMES; i++) {
        if (pcf8591Read(channel, &value) != -1) {
            printf("The channel%d value is %d\n", channel, value);
        } else {
            printf("Fail to get channel%d value\n", channel);
        }
    }
    system("rmmod "DRIVER_MODULE);
 
    return 0;
}

For more details about this APIs called in this code sample refer to Matrix API reference manual

Resources

Update Log

Feb-24-2016

  • Added link to the Chinese version

June-23-2016

  • Re-organized and simplified wiki