Matrix - IR Receiver

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Introduction

IR Receiver
  • The Matrix-IR receiver is a 38KHz infrared receiver that receives 38KHz signals from an infrared remote control, amplifies and filers them to other devices. Its signal decoding is implemented by programming MCU.
  • Transmission distance: 12 ~ 13 meters.

Features

  • GPIO control, 3.3/5V
  • Small
  • 2.54mm spacing pin header
  • PCB Dimension(mm): 8 x 24

IR Receiver.PCB

  • Pin Description:
Pin Description
S GPIO
V Supply Voltage 5V
G Ground

Basic Device Operation

  • The IR receiver contains a photo diode, amplifier, band pass filter, integrator, hysteresis comparator and etc. When the IR receiver detects infrared signals it sends them to the preamplifier and band pass filter. After the signals are processed by the band pass filter (30KHz ~ 60KHz) they will be further processed by the integrator and comparator and finally be output as High or Low.
  • Note: the output signal is the reversal of the input signal.

Applications

Connect to NanoPi M1

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPi M1:
Matrix-IR_Receiver_nanopi_m1

Connection Details:

Matrix-IR_Receiver NanoPi M1
S Pin7
V Pin4
G Pin6

Connect to NanoPi 2

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPi 2:
Matrix-IR_Receiver_nanopi_2

Connection Details

Matrix-IR_Receiver NanoPi 2
S Pin7
V Pin4
G Pin6

Connect to NanoPi M2 / NanoPi 2 Fire

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPi M2/ NanoPi 2 Fire:
Matrix-IR_Receiver_nanopi_m2

Connection Details:

Matrix-IR_Receiver NanoPi M2
S Pin7
V Pin4
G Pin6

Connect to NanoPC-T2

Refer to the following connection diagram to connect the module to the NanoPC-T2:
Matrix-IR_Receiver_NanoPC-T2

Connection Details:

Matrix-IR_Receiver NanoPC-T2
S Pin15
V Pin29
G Pin30

Compile & Run Test Program

Boot your ARM board with Debian and copy the matrix code:

$ apt-get update && apt-get install git
$ git clone https://github.com/friendlyarm/matrix.git

If your cloning is done successfully a "matrix" directory will be generated.

Compile and install Matrix:

$ cd matrix
$ make && make install

Run test program:

$ matrix-ir_receiver

Note: this module is not plug and play therefore before running the module please make sure it is connected to an ARM board.
Here is what you should observe:

Press the IR remoter
 0: Type=4, Code=4, Value=3b0d
 1: Type=0, Code=0, Value=0
 2: Type=4, Code=4, Value=3b12
 3: Type=0, Code=0, Value=0
 4: Type=4, Code=4, Value=3b15
 5: Type=0, Code=0, Value=0

When you point our RC-100 controller to it and press any key on the controller an event will be detected.

Code Sample

This Matrix code sample can work with all the ARM boards mentioned in this module's wiki. The name of this code sample is "matrix-ir_receiver". Here is its source code:

int main(int argc, char ** argv)
{
    int board, i, j;
    int retSize = -1;
    char *devName = GPIO_IR_DEV;
    int pin = GPIO_PIN(7);
    char modStr[BUF_SIZE];
    struct input_event evKey;
 
    if ((board = boardInit()) < 0) {
        printf("Fail to init board\n");
        return -1;
    }
    if (board == BOARD_NANOPI_T2)
        pin = GPIO_PIN(15);
 
    sprintf(modStr, "modprobe %s gpio=%d", DRIVER_MODULE, pintoGPIO(pin));
    system(modStr);
    signal(SIGINT, IRIntHandler);
    sleep(1);
    irFD = openHW(devName, O_RDWR);
    if (irFD < 0) {
        printf("Fail to open GPIO IR device\n");
        goto err;
    }
    printf("Press the IR remoter\n");
    for (i=0; i<IR_EVENT_TIMES; i++) {
        if (selectHW(irFD, 0, 0) == 1) {
            retSize = readHW(irFD, &evKey, sizeof(struct input_event));
            for (j=0; j<(int) retSize / sizeof(struct input_event); j++)
                printf("%2d: Type=%d, Code=%d, Value=%x\n", i, evKey.type, evKey.code, evKey.value);
        }
    }
    closeHW(irFD);
err:
    system("rmmod "DRIVER_MODULE);
    return 0;
}

For more details about this APIs called in this code sample refer to Matrix API reference manual


Resources

Update Log

Feb-24-2016

  • Added the driver's source code location in Section 5.2

June-21-2016

  • Re-organized and simplified wiki